India & States Stamps
The popularity of rare Indian stamps and their value has skyrocketed in recent years among stamp collectors, and it’s now one of the most popular countries in the hobby. Some of the rarest and most valuable Indian stamps such as the Inverted Head 4 Annas, 1854 have sold for over £100,000 at auction. The attention is well deserved as India has a long and rich history going back millennia which should fascinate any stamp collector.
Although its constituent States, both Convention and Feudatory, suffered decades of unpopularity, now the 'primitive' nature of many of the stamp designs appeals to the modern age. Discoveries may still be made by the observant collector, with the locally-produced issues lending themselves to detailed study, although most collectors will find that a simple one-of-each approach is enough of a challenge!
To help you navigate this vast area of the stamp collecting, Stanley Gibbons have a great selection of Indian Stamps for sale to build your collections.
Popular Stamps from India
INDIA 1860 SGT3 Telegraph 4r reddish purple left half used in 1871
INDIA 1860 SGT2 Telegraph 1r reddish purple imperforate from the imprimatur sheet
Convention States of India Stamps
I.C.S. GWALIOR 1885 SG35a Mint QV 2r carmine and yellow-brown variety Small G
I.C.S. PATIALA 1885 SG11c Mint 1a brown-purple error overprint double unmounted
Feudatory States of India Stamps
I.F.S. BIJAWAR 1935 SG6a Mint 3p brown rouletted 7 error Printed on the gummed side
Shop all Indian Stamps
INDIA 1861 SG41, 46 Cover from Calcutta to London at 6a rate with 2a dull pink
A Brief History of Indian Stamps
British India was initially administered by the privately owned East India Company and, from 1 November 1858, as a British Crown Colony. In addition, there were also hundreds of native, or princely states, some of which used their own stamps. These come under two types: feudatory states, which ran their own postal services and issued their own stamps for use within the state, and convention states, which had made separate postal conventions with the Raj and used British India stamps overprinted with the state's name. Following the Partition of India in 1947, the native states had to choose between independence or formal accession by either India or Pakistan. In practice, all the native states had acceded or been annexed by the end of 1949.
The region’s first adhesive stamp, the Scinde Dawk, was introduced on 1 July 1852 by Sir Bartle Frere, the East India Company's administrator of the province of Sind. The circular stamps were embossed individually onto paper or a wax wafer and feature the words ‘SCINDE DAWK’ around the rim and the British East India Company's Merchant's mark as the central motif. Between 1852 and 1853 three different colours were issued: red, white and blue.
The Indian Feudatory States
The post-independence and partition era, with it the creation of Pakistan, which was constituted as a Dominion under the Indian Independence Act of 1947, is also immensely popular with collectors.
The first issue of Pakistan was a series of Provisionals using contemporary Indian stamps overprinted ‘PAKISTAN’. Numerous of these overprints, both hand-stamped and machine-printed in various sizes and colours, exist on postage and official stamps and are of high philatelic interest.
Another highly desirable, post-partition issue comes from the Dominion of India. On 15 August 1948, to commemorate the first anniversary of independence, India issued four values depicting portraits of Mahatma Gandhi, the primary leader of India's independence movement. At the same time, the set was overprinted with ‘SERVICE’, for official use by the Governor-General’s Secretariate. The highest value of the officials, the rare 10r. ‘SERVICE’ issue, is one of the most desirable of all Indian stamps.