Country: Brabant King (reign): Jeanne & Wenceslas, 1355 – 1383
Denomination/metal: Gold Pieter d'Or
Date/mint mark: c. 1355 – 83.
Type Louvain Mint
Ref. no: Delm 45; F 11.
Obv. St. Peter, holding key and bible, above quartered arms of Bohemia, Brabant, Limburg and Luxembourg, 'WENCELAUS Z IOhANA DEI GRA BRAB DUCES', (Wenceslas and Jeanne, by the grace of God, duke and duchess of Brabant). Rev. Cross fleuree with a rose in the centre, 'XPC VINCIT XPC REGNAT XPC IMPERAT', (Christ conquers, Christ rules, Christ commands)
27mm, 4.1g. GEF - Good Extremely Fine, well struck
Very beautiful well preserved gold coin issued at Louvain by the Duke and Duchess of Brabant. Joanna, Duchess of Brabant (24 June 1322 – 1 November 1406), granddaughter of Edward I of England, also known as Jeanne, was the heiress of Duke John III, who died in Brussels, December 5, 1355. Her second marriage was to Wenceslaus of Luxemburg. The famous document, the foundation of the rule of law in Brabant called the Blijde Inkomst ("Joyous Entry"), was arrived at in January 1356, in order to assure Joanna and her consort peaceable entry into their capital and to settle the inheritance of the Duchy of Brabant on her "natural heirs", who were Joanna's sisters, they being more acceptable to the burghers of Brabant than rule by the House of Luxembourg. The document was seen as a dead letter, followed by a military incursion in 1356 into Brabant by Louis II of Flanders, who had married Margaret, Joanna's younger sister, and considered himself Duke of Brabant by right of his wife. With the Duchy overrun by Louis' forces, Joanna and Wencelaus signed the humiliating Treaty of Ath, which ceded Malines and Antwerp to Louis. By August 1356 Joanna and Wencelaus had called upon the Emperor, Charles IV to support them by force of arms. Charles met at Maastricht with the parties concerned, including representatives of the towns, and all agreed to nullify certain terms of the Blijde Inkomst, to satisfy the Luxembourg dynasty.The duchy continued to deteriorate with Wencelaus' defeat and captured at the battle of Baesweiler in 1371