Country: England, AngloKing (reign): Edward the Black Prince (1363 - 1376)
Denomination/metal: Gold Chaise d'Or
Date/mint mark: 1362 -1372
Type Bordeaux Mint issue.
Ref. no: Elias 143; Elias Collection 241; Schneider 33; Poey d'Avant 2935
Obv. Full-length figure of Edward seated facing on ornate Gothic throne, holding sceptre in right hand, '+ ?D’· PO’· GnS · R?GIS · AnGLI? · PnS · ?QIT?nI?', (rosette stops), (Edward, first born of the king of England, prince of Aquitaine). Rev. Cross Collarino within ornamental quatrefoil, leopard in 1st. and 4th. angles, lis in 2nd. and 3rd., rosette stops - '+ DEVS . IVDEX . IVSTVS . FORTIS ' Z . PACIENS B', (God is a righteous judge, strong and patient)
28mm, 3.52g. AEF - Almost Extremely Fine but soft strike resulting in lack of detail on face, reverse slightly off centre.
Superbly beautiful and quintessentially medieval coin and particularly interesting in that it is issued by the Black Prince, holding Aquitaine for his father Edward III of England. The chaise d'or is accounted the rarest of Edward's gold issues, and the only one that presents the prince as a peaceable ruler, bearing a sceptre rather than the ubiquitous sword. He arrived in Bordeau in July 1363 and with the cutting off of financial links with England produced this coinage issued by prince Edward titled as 'First born of the King of England'. The reverse legend – “God is Judge, Righteous, Strong and Patient" is at odds with the typical motto of Edward's coins, which usually seeks God's protection for the ruler as he wages war against his enemies. The chaise was probably struck during the time when Edward hired himself out as a mercenary to help Pedro the Cruel of Spain regain his throne. Pedro failed to pay the Black Prince the promised money, and Edward's attempt to extract more funds from the French lords under his suzerainty brought about the resumption of the war between England and France. Edward's health broke under the stress of constant campaigning, and he abandoned his fief in 1371, predeceasing his father in 1376.