Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649) Denomination/metal: Gold Pounds, Three (Triple Unite) Date/mint mark: 1642 Type Oxford Mint, 'Declaration' Ref. no: Schneider 286; N 2381; S 2724
Obv. Half length tall figure of Charles to left, wearing crown and full armour holding a sword and an olive branch. Plumes behind, 'CAROLVS DG MAG BRIT FRAN ET HI REX'. Rev. Declaration in a three line scroll, 'RELIG PROT / LEG ANG / LIBER PAR' (Protestant Religion, Laws of England, Liberty of Parliament), three plumes above with mark of value, date below; around 'EXVRGAT DEVS DISSIPENTVR INIMICI' (Let God arise and let the enemy be scattered). 46mm, 27g. GVF - Good Very Fine, strongly struck
TheTripleUnite, valued atsixty shillings, 60/-or three pounds, was the highestEnglishdenomination to be produced. It was struck at the Oxford Mint set up during the first English Civil War of 1642-6 and issued between January and March of 1642 at the hurriedly set up mint at New Inn Hall in Oxford. This huge coin was issued, at least in part, for use as gifts to those whom the King wished to 'cement' to his side in the Civil War. Thus he obverse design for the coin features an armoured bust of Charles I, with broadsword raised, and yet in visual dichotomy he bears an olive branch clutched over his heart. Charles was visually appealing to either nature of the benefactor he was seeking to entice. The bust on this coin is very hawkish which is the earliest type, later he had it changed to a more benevolent softer style. On the reverse he put his famous declaration – uttered in 1642 when he swore to to uphold the Protestant Religion, the laws of England and the freedom of Parliament. Very rare and spectacular coin!
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649) Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Unite) Date/mint mark: mm. lis, 1625 Type Tower Mint, Gp. A, Class II Ref. no: Schneider 114-15; Brooker 22; N 2146; S 2685
Obv. Crowned bust of Charles left, wearing elaborate ruff and ermine, denomination 'XX' behind, 'CAROLVS D'G' MAG' BRI' FRAN' ET HIB' REX'. Rev. Crowned, garnished Royal Arms, 'FACIAM EOS IN GENTEM VNAM' (I will make them into one nation). 35mm, 8.99g. GVF - Good Very Fine
Handsome piece, well struck – marvellous detail to the bust of the king. Scarce thus. This piece is particularly interesting as it is was issued in the first year of Charles's reign and thus he is represented on the coin in his coronation robes – the elaborate ruff, ermine mantle and gold chin. Very good portrait indeed.
Country: Great Britain Type: Struck Ref. no: MI II 359/197; E438
Obv. Crowned, draped bust of Anne left Rev. Victory flying over a battle scene in woods. 47mm, 37.08g. AEF - About Extremely Fine, good tone, traces of original lustre.
Battle of Malplaquet 1709. Medal by J. Croker to celebrate the British and Allied Victory over Bourbon France near Mons in the war of the Spanish Succession. Although the Allies under Marlborough won the battle (took the field) they actually lost twice as many men as the French. GOOD QUALITY PIECE OF A FAMOUS BATTLE
Country: Great Britain Date/mint mark: 1713 Type: Struck Ref. no: MI II 399/256; E458
Obv. Laureate draped bust of Anne left Rev. Britannia seated half left, holding olive branch, men ploughing and ships sailing behind 58mm, 61.32g. AEF - About Extremely Fine, good even toning
Peace of Utrecht 1713. silver medal by J. Croker commemorating the Treaty of Utrecht which concluded the war of the Spanish Succession between Britain, Prussia, Austria and the NL against France and Spain. PRETTY AND GOOD CONDITION MEDAL OF THE END OF THE WAR THAT SHAPED EUROPE AS IT IS TODAY.
Country: Great Britain Date/mint mark: 1717 Type: Struck Ref. no: MI II 437/39; E479
Obv. Laureate, draped,cuirassed bust of George right Rev. Clemency leaning on a pillar touching a snake with her caduceus 45mm, 0g. UC - Uncirculated, with almost all original lustre
Act of Grace and Free pardon 1717 Copper medal by J. Croker. On the 15th. of July Parliament passed this act to pardon all, with few exceptions, who had taken part in the Jacobite Rebellion. Clemency is 'tranquilising' the serpent of Rebellion with her caduceus – as Mercury did in the formation of the first caduceus. SUPERB CONDITION, JACOBITE INTEREST.
Country: Great Britain Type: Struck Ref. no: MI II 612/276; Woolf 55;7b
Obv. Equestrian portrait of Duke of Cumberland, sword drawn Rev. Scene of the battle with rebels fleeing 34mm, 13.7g. GVF - Good Very Fine to Extremely Fine . Generally bright with light surface marks
Battle of Culloden 1746. Medal by unknown maker. Bonnie Prince Charlie had advanced into England as far as Derby and then retreated north of the border. The Duke of Cumberland followed him north and after some resistance eventually met Charles at Culloden Moor near Nairn. The Jacobite army was routed in an hour with much slaughter and the Stuart rebellion was extinguished. VERY GOOD SPECIMEN OF THIS MEDAL MADE FOR PUBLIC DEMAND
Obv. Draped and cuirassed bust left of George Rev. Britannia standing facing, holding cap of liberty and cornucopia, lion arms and Union shield beside. 41mm, 28.74g. GVF - Good Very Fine, nicely patinated
Accession of George III 1760. Medal by T. Pingo commemorating the accession of George II's grandson, George III. VERY RARE IN SILVER, MONARCH WITH U.S. RELEVANCE
Country: Great Britain Type: Struck Ref. no: BHM 3; E17
Obv. Draped and cuirassed bust left of George Rev. Britannia standing facing, holding cap of liberty and cornucopia, lion, arms and Union shield beside. 41mm, 29.98g. AEF - About Extremely Fine – reverse better, attractive patina , even brown toning
Accession of George III 1760. Medal by T. Pingo commemorating the accession of George II's grandson, George III. VERY GOOD CONDITION, US RELEVANCE
Obv. Bare bust of Wilberforce right Rev. Britannia standing with Victory above and other allegorical figures around her 53mm, 61g. EF - Extremely Fine, bronzed. Struck from rusty dies – therefore pocking on face
Abolition of the Slave Trade 1807. Medal by T. Webb for the 'Gentleman's Magazine' in 1809 to commemorate the abolition of the Slave trade in British Possessions. PORTRAIT MEDAL OF WILBERFORCE, ANTI SLAVERY MEDAL, ALL STRUCK FROM RUSTY DIES.
Country: Great Britain Type: Struck Ref. no: BHM 986; E118
Obv. Bare bust left of Wellington Rev. 35 line legend 55mm, 74.53g. UC - Uncirculated. Good patina with underlying lustre
Duke of Wellington appointed Governor of Plymouth 1819. Medal by Webb & Rouw for J. Mudie to commemorate this appointment. SUPERB CONDITION, VERY HIGH RELIEF MEDAL
Obv. Coroneted bust of Victoria left. Around - Lords names holding cabinet positions Rev. Names of Members of House of Commons in 50 lines 95mm, 0g. AEF - About Extremely Fine, bronzed
Members of the House of Commons 1849. Medal by L. C. Lauer showing the make-up of the House of Commons and on the obverse those in the House of Lords with cabinet positions. ENORMOUS MEDAL, POLITICAL INTEREST.
Country: Great Britain King (reign): Victoria (1837 - 1901) Denomination/metal: Silver Penny, Six (Sixpence) Date/mint mark: 1874 Type: Milled Ref. no: S 3910; ESC 1728; Dav. 1084
Obv. Young, filleted bust of Victoria left, second head Rev. Denomination crowned, in a laurel and oaken wreath. Die No. 61 19mm, 2.82g. AS - As struck, toned with considerable lustre and coloured toning
Obv. Crowned bust of Victoria left in laurel wreath, below stamped envelope with stage-coach and train, Royal Arms beneath Rev. Bust of Sir Rowland Hilll three-quarters right, Mulready envelope below, rose, thistle and shamrock below that. 65mm, 106.1g. GEF - Good Extremely Fine, considerable amounts of original lustre
Golden Jubilee 1890, of the Uniform Penny Postage. Medal by L.C. Lauer to commemorate this event. SUPERB CONDITION, PHILATELLIC INTEREST.
Country: Great Britain King (reign): George VI - (1936 - 1952) Denomination/metal: Banknote Pounds, One Million Date/mint mark: Bank of England
0mm, 0g. VF - Small hole cancellation through signature. Light creases and some handling otherwise good very fine to about extremely fine and extremely rare.
One Million Pounds, 30 August 1948, D 000007, on Bank of England watermarked paper, PAYABLE ON DEMAND, signature of E.E. Bridges, Secretary to the Treasury, bottom right, stamped ‘CANCELLED, 6 OCT. 1948, BANK OF ENGLAND’. Monies received through the Marshall Aid plan after World War II, were subject to strict accountability. The Treasury had to borrow from the Bank of England on a short term basis and to help with the book keeping requested the printing of high value notes. The total order sent to The Bank of England printing works was for Three Hundred Million Pounds in varying denominations, starting from Twenty Five Thousand Pounds. It is believed that the entire issue was subsequently destroyed with the exception of numbers Seven and Eight for One Million Pounds which were presented to the British and American Treasury Secretaries respectively.
Country: England, Tudor King (reign): Henry VIII (1509 - 1547) Denomination/metal: Gold Angel Date/mint mark: mm. castle, 1509-1513 Type First Coinage Ref. no: Schneider 557-9; N 1760; S 2265
Obv. The Angel Michael spearing a recumbent dragon, both feet on dragon, 'hENRIC' VIII DI GRA REX AGL' Z F'. Rev. Medieval ship with Royal Arms on cross mast, 'h' and rose either side, bowsprit on right forecastle, 'PER CRUCE TVA SALVA NOS XPC RED' (By thy cross save us, Oh Christ our redeemer). 29mm, 5.02g. VF - Very Fine, good strike
Very Fine - all details generally visible, fully round, good clear face. Rare variety – not exact match in Schneider. For the first sixteen years Henry VIII's coinage followed the pattern of his father's – except that he put the 'VIII' after his name to distinguish them as they were both Henry.
Country: England, Tudor King (reign): Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603) Denomination/metal: Silver Testerns, Eight (Dollar) Date/mint mark: 1600-1601 O' Type: Hammered Ref. no: Prid 1; S 2607a
Obv. Crowned Royal Arms dividing crowned 'ER', 'ELIZABETH D' G' ANG' FR' ET HIB' REGINA'. Rev. Crowned portcullis, 'POSVI DEVM ADIVTOREM MEVM', (I have made God my helper). 42mm, 26.95g. EF - Extremely Fine, well struck and fully rounded, good plum-grey toning
Exceptionally rare and well struck exhibiting little or no wear. Certainly one of the finest known. Superb and exceptionally rare coin. Portcullis money was struck at the Tower Mint for the use of the Governor and Company of Merchants of London and of course the East India Company. They are considered by many to be our first purely colonial issues. Basically they were produced with the intention to compete with the Spanish "pieces of eight” and were minted in denomintations of one, two, four and eight testerns and secondly to consolidate Britain's influence in the economic and commercial struggle with other would be colonisers. Unfortunately the coins were not a success and were not popular with traders in the East, who were suspicious of these new strange looking coins – preferring the accepted Spanish coins. There are only thought to be less than two hundred surving coins (of all four denoms.) of which many are in museums.
Country: Great Britain Type: Cast Ref. no: BHM 737; E1025
Obv. Bust left of Duke of Wellington Rev. Altar with arms of Britain, Portugal and Spain, around arms and colours 47mm, 13.35g. EF - Extremely Fine. Made of two clichees that have been joined together to produce the single medal. Consequently the inside of the medal is hollow – or is filled with soft packing and thus, in parts, the medal is a little ‘concave’.
British Army enters Madrid 1812. Medal by Wyon to celebrate the taking of Madrid on the 12th. of August 1812. The French had occupied the city from March 1808 but after losing the battle of Salamanca a few days earlier, they fled the city. RARE VARIATION OF THIS MEDAL. (UNRECORDED)
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Anne (1702 - 1714) Denomination/metal: Gold Guinea Date/mint mark: 1714 Type Third Draped Bust Ref. no: S 3574
Obv. Draped bust left, 'ANNA DEI GRATIA'. Rev. Crowned Royal Arms in cruciform, garter star centre, sceptres in angles, 'MAG BRI FR ET HIB REG'. 25mm, 8.13g. VF - Very fine, reverse good Very Fine, with original lustre
Although this is the regular issue this piece is a particularly nice example – only exhibiting a small amount of wear on the upper curls of Anne's hair by her ear in the centre of the coin. The coin exhibits traces of original lustre particularly on the reverse which can be seen specifically in the protected areas of the fields either side. All in all a very pretty little coin and a good example.
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Charles II (1660 - 1685) Denomination/metal: Silver Shilling Date/mint mark: mm. crown, 1660 – 1662 Type First Hammered Issue Ref. no: ESC 1010; N 2762; S 3308.
Obv. Crowned bust of Charles left, long hair and lace collar, no inner circle. 'CAROLVS II DG MAG BRIT FRA ET HIB REX'. Rev. Royal Arms on Cross moline, no inner circle, 'CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO' (I reign under the auspice of Christ). 32mm, 5.9g. AEF - Almost Extremely Fine, toned
Issued in the first couple of years of the Restitution this shilling is important in two respects. Firstly it it marks the return to Latin from English and the putting back a monarch's head on coins of the realm and secondly it is the last of a series of coins that were struck by hand before Coin Mills and mechanised striking were exclusively practised by 1663. This is the first hammered issue after the Restitution and is not only rare – but exceedingly rare to find in well struck and unworn condition.
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649) Denomination/metal: Silver Shilling Date/mint mark: mm. br, 1644 Type Bristol mint, 5 pellets Ref. no: S 3015; N 2494; Brook 996
Obv. Crowned bust in lace collar left, denomination behind Rev. Three plumes over Declaration – 'REL PRO / LEG ANG / LIB PAR' (Protestant religion, English law, Liberty of parliament) and around 'EXVRGAT DEVS DISSIPENTVR INIMICI', (Let God arise and let His enemies be scattered) 31mm, 5.68g. GVF - Good Very fine, well struck on a large flan
Very rare to find in such good condition – these coins were struck in makeshift conditions – quickly and carelessly to get coin out to pay the troops – only the weight was important. This is a superb specimen in that it is strongly and centrally struck with a beautiful toning. When the Civil War began in 1642, the Tower mint fell into the hands of Parliament and Charles was forced to open a mints in Royalist held western England at Bristol, Shrewsbury and Oxford (1642 - 46). In September 1642 he made his famous 'Declaration speech' promising to uphold the Protestant Religion, the Laws of England and the Liberty of Parliament. This declaration in Latin is displayed on these western mint coins giving them the name of 'Declaration pieces'. In all a well struck rare coin in top condition with a local Bristol interest.
Country: England, Hanoverian King (reign): George III (1760 - 1820) Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Sovereign of) Date/mint mark: 1817
Ref. no: S 3785
Obv. Laureate head right, coarse hair, legend type A Rev. St. George and dragon 22mm, 7.98g. UC - Uncirculated, just about as struck
Superb coin with original lustre, a good specimen of this coin is for some reason very hard to find. Historical analysis of George III's life has gone through a "kaleidoscope of changing views" which have depended heavily on the prejudices of his biographers and the sources available to them. Until re-assessment in the later half of the twentieth century, his reputation in America was one of a tyrant and in Britain he became "the scapegoat for the failure of imperialism". He is most rememberd as "The Mad King" and "The King Who Lost America".
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): James I (1603 - 1625) Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Laurel) Date/mint mark: mm. 'rose', 1620 - 1621 Type Third Issue, Fourth head. Ref. no: S 2638a
Obv. Laureate, draped bust of James left, denomination 'XX' behind, 'IACOBVS D'G' MAG' BRIT' FRAN' ET HIB' REX'. Rev. Crowned Royal Arms on cross fourchee, 'FACIAM EOS IN GENTEM VNAM' (I will make them into one nation). 35mm, 8.85g. VF - Very Fine, even strike, light colour
Good example - usually weakly struck this piece has a well struck portrait with all legend readable - also very nice even light toning and thus rare and desirable. In 1619 there was a currency reform and new 20 shillings piece was reduced in weigh making the former coins worth 22 shillings. To make it easy to differentiate between the two coins this new lighter coin was issued with James facing left - the other direction and wearing a laurel wreath rather than a crown. Consequently it became known as a 'Laurel'.
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): James II (1685 - 1688)
Ref. no: MI I 535/186; E 241
Obv. Laureate, draped bust of Charles right Rev. Britannia seated right, contemplates her naives sailing in the sea to the left. 56mm, 74.19g. GEF - Good Extremely Fine, good toning with blue hues. Two minor edge-knocks.
Peace of Breda medal by J. Roettiers commemorating end of hostilities with the Dutch. The face of Britannia is recognisable as that of Mrs. Stuart, Duchess of Richmond who was Charles's mistress at the time! This likeness is spotted by Pepys who comments on it in his diary entry of the 25th Feb 1667. Rare in such good condtition, very handsome medal.
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Charles II (1665 - 1700) Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Unite) Date/mint mark: mm. 'crown', 1660 - 1662 Type Hammered Coinage, First Issue. Ref. no: S 3301; N 2753
Obv. Laureate, long-haired and draped bust of king left, 'CAROLVS II D G MAG BRIT FRAN ETM HIB REX'. Rev. Crowned, garnished Royal Arms dividing 'CR', 'FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA' (Through Concord kingdoms flourish). 34mm, 9.05g. AEF - About Extremely Fine, good toning, obverse a little double struck
In 1651 Cromwell invited the Frenchman Pierre Blondeau over to London to set up his mint and produce machine made coins – a mechanised process which was generally established in Continental Europe. This change from hammered coins to milled coins was poised to happen when Charles II was restored to the throne in May 1660. Initially, in a hurry, he had coins in his name issued in the old way - by hand striking, but very soon Blondeau's milling machines were ready and in early 1663 the Royal Mint went over to full time mechanised production of coins - and the old way of striking by hand ended for ever. This gold Unite of 20 shillings is thus one of the last ever British coins to be hand struck. It is slightly off centre and a fraction double struck - all typical attributes of a hammered coin. However, it extremely beautiful and splendid, not to mention rare. The issue was not large and this is the rarer 'first type' issue which shows no mark of value (XX) behind the king's head. A very handsome 'Restoration' piece and last of an archaic form of coin production!
Country: England, Viking King (reign): Sihtric, Hiberno-Norse King of Dublin (989-1036) Denomination/metal: Silver Penny Date/mint mark: 1015 – 1035 Type Hiberno-Norse, Phase II Ref. no: DF 23; S 6125
Obv. Draped bust left, blundered legend. Rev. Voided Long Cross with tri-crescent endfs, with two small pellets in each angle, blundered legend 18mm, 0.87g. EF - Extremely Fine, well struck and nicely toned with golden lustre
The Vikings raided the British Isles at the end of 8th century and by the end of the 10th century were forming communities on the coastal fringes of Ireland – Dublin being one of their main strongholds held by Olaf Sihtricsson. The typical 10th century coin reads 'SIHTRIC RE +DYFLIN' Sihtric king of Dublin and later on in the early 11th century these pennies were copied by other moneyers – perhaps further along the coast, without understanding the meaning of the legend. Consequently, in around 1025 there appeared these pennies in the style of Sihtric but with gibberish legends. Such is this coin with its fantastically naïve and brutish portrait of Sihtric and the cross on the back which aided its being cut into halfpennies or farthings. Not only a very good condition but toned with hints of golden lustre makes this is a very desirable coin.
Country: England, Orange King (reign): William (1694 - 1702) Denomination/metal: Gold Guinea, Half Date/mint mark: 1698 Type Second bust, late harp type Ref. no: S 3468
Obv. Laureate, long haired bust of William right Rev. Crowned Royal Arms in cruciform, sceptres in angles, Lion of Orange in centre 20mm, 4.12g. AEF - Almost Extremely Fine
Although this is the regular issue this particular piece is a particularly nice example – only exhibiting a very small amount of wear on the upper curls of his hair by his ear in the centre of the coin. 'Heraldically' it is interesting as the coin exhibits the Rampant Lion of the House of Orange in the centre of the reverse
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649) Denomination/metal: Silver Crown, Half Date/mint mark: 1645 Type Civil War Issue, Bristol Mint Ref. no: S 3010
Obv. Charles, crowned and in full armour, riding left, plumes behind, 'BR' below, 'CAROLVS D G MAG BR FR ET HIB REX'. Rev. Proclamation, 'REL PROT, LE, AN, LI PA' (Protestant Religion, laws of England, Freedom of Parliament) between three plumes above and date, 'BR' (for Bristol) below. Around 'EXVRGAT DEVS DISSIPENTVR INIMICI' Let God arise and let the enemy be scattered). 35mm, 15.18g. AEF - About Extremely Fine, obverse a little softly struck, bright
Very good example struck from this hurriedly set up provincial mint of Bristol. These coins are normally quickly and badly struck but this example exhibits virtually no wear although the obverse is a little softly struck – but still exhibits a very nice portrait of Charles. When the Civil War began in 1642, the Tower mint fell into the hands of Parliament and Charles was forced to open a mints in Royalist held western England at Shrewsbury, Bristol and Oxford (1642 - 1646). In September 1642 he made his famous 'Declaration' promising to uphold the Protestant Religion, the Laws of England and the Liberty of Parliament. This declaration in Latin is displayed on these western mint coins giving them the name of 'Declaration' pieces.
Country: England, Hanoverian King (reign): George III (1760 - 1820) Denomination/metal: Silver Shillings, 4 and 9 pence Date/mint mark: 1797 Type Emergency countermarked Spanish dollar Ref. no: S 3765a; ESC 129
Obv. Bust right of Carlos IIII of Spain with a countermark on his neck bearing the portrait of George III. Rev. Crowned Spanish arms between the pillars of Hercules, flat area in centre as a result of the obverse countermrk blow. 39mm, 26.92g. AEF - Coin about EF with some original toned lustre, countermark good Extremely Fine with lustre
This countermarked Spanish silver dollar (8 Reales) from the Mexico mint was used as official currency in Britain during the reign of George III. Due to an acute shortage of precious metal, the government decided to countermark the large numbers of captured Spanish American dollars that were already unofficially in circulation. They were issued in 1797 with a nominal value of four shillings and nine pence as they were slightly lighter than our crown. “The head of a fool stamped on the neck of an ass" was a much repeated quip at the time. This piece is in very good condition – the Spanish 8 Reales obviously saw little circulation before it was captured and countermarked three years later and at then in Britain must have seen little circulation as it is in such good condition, also the countermark is very sharp – in the speed to issue these coins in Britain the countermark can often be a little unclear. Rare and handsome example with grey toning and subdued golden lustre.
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Anne (1702 - 1714) Denomination/metal: Gold Guinea, Half Date/mint mark: 1713 Type Post Union Type Ref. no: S 3575
Obv. Draped bust of Anne left, hair gathered up Rev. Crowned Royal Arms in cruciform, sceptres in angles, Garter star in centre 21mm, 4.12g. AEF - Almost Extremely Fine, some original lustre in protected parts of field
Although this is the regular issue this particular piece is a particularly nice example – only exhibiting a very small amount of wear on the upper curls of her hair by her ear in the centre of the coin. The coin exhibits traces of original lustre which can be seen particularly in the protected areas of the fields either side. All in all a very pretty little coin and a good example.
Country: Scotland King (reign): William II (1694 - 1702) Denomination/metal: Silver Shillings, Forty Date/mint mark: 1695
Ref. no: SCBI 35; S 5679
Obv. Laureate, long-haired bust left, denomination below Rev. Crowned Royal Arms (Scotland in 1st. and 4th. Quarters) 34mm, 18.46g. AEF - About Extremely Fine
Very rare coin in very good condition with fine old cabinet toning with bluish tinge. Very few of this Scottish issue for William II were struck – the majority of Britain's coinage being issued in London and all circulated heavily due to the shortage of specie. Consequently it is doubly rare to find this very scarce coin in such good condition. The Scottish coins tariffed at a rate of 12 : 1 with the coins south of the border – so Forty shillings Scots was 3/4d. English.
Country: Scotland King (reign): James VII (1685 - 1688) Denomination/metal: Silver Shillings, Forty
Ref. no: SCBI 35, 16675-6; S5637
Obv. Laureate, draped bust right, denomination below Rev. Crowned Royal Arms (Scotland in 1st. and 4th. Quarters) 36mm, 18.49g. EF - Extremely Fine and nicely toned
Exceptionally rare coin in very good condition with fine old cabinet toning. Very few of this Scottish issue for James II were struck – the majority of Britain's coinage being issued in London and all circulated heavily due to the shortage of specie. Consequently it is doubly rare to find this very scarce coin in such good condition. The Scottish coins tariffed at a rate of 12 : 1 with the coins south of the border – so Forty shillings Scots was 3/4d. English.
Country: England, Viking King (reign): Sihtric, Hiberno-Norse King of Dublin (989-1036) Denomination/metal: Silver Penny Date/mint mark: 1035 – 1060 Type Hiberno-Norse, Phase III Ref. no: DF 23; S 6132
Obv. Draped bust left, blundered legend. Rev. Voided Long Cross with tri-crescent ends and a with crude hand in two diagonally opposing quarters, blundered legend. 18mm, 0.82g. GEF - Good Extremely Fine with superb toned golden lustre - 'as struck'
The Vikings raided the British Isles at the end of 8th century and by the end of the 10th century were forming communities on the coastal fringes of Ireland – Dublin being one of their main strongholds held by Olaf Sihtricsson. The typical 10th century coin reads 'SIHTRIC RE +DYFLIN' Sihtric king of Dublin and later on in the early 11th century these pennies were copied by other moneyers – perhaps further along the coast, without understanding the meaning of the legend. Consequently, in around 1025 there appeared these pennies in the style of Sihtric but with gibberish legends. Such is this coin with its fantastically naïve and brutish portrait of Sihtric and the cross on the back which aided its being cut into halfpennies or farthings. Not only pristine condition but grey toned with amazingly brilliant blue/pink lustre makes this a 'gem of a coin'. It might be possible to get this rare coin in similar condition but not with the beautiful toning which makes this piece so attractive, desirable and unique.
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649) Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Ten Date/mint mark: 1643 Type Oxford Mint Ref. no: Schneider 332; N2395; S2742
Obv. Crowned, long-haired bust left which extends to the bottom of the coin; denomination 'X' behind, 'CAROLVS . D: G: M: BR: FR: ET: HI: REX.' Rev. Three plumes over a continuous scroll inscribed, 'RELIG. PROT. LEG. ANGL. LIBER. PAR.' (The Religion of the Protestants, The Laws of England the Liberty of Parliament); and around 'EXVRGAT: DEVS: DISSIPENTVR: INIMICI' (Let God arise and his enemies be scattered). 27mm, 4.42g. AEF - Almost Extremely Fine, well and centrally struck
Strongly struck, virtually unworn - this is a beautiful example - little weak on the nose as usually seen. Very rare to find in such good condition - these coins were hand struck in makeshift conditions - quickly and carelessly to get coin out to pay the troops - only the weight was important. This is a superb specimen! When the Civil War began in 1642, the Tower mint fell into the hands of Parliament and Charles was forced to open a mints in Royalist held western England at Shrewsbury and Oxford (1642 – 46). In September 1642 he made his famous 'Declaration' promising to uphold the Protestant Religion, the Laws of England and the Liberty of Parliament. This declaration in Latin is displayed on these western mint coins giving them the name of Declaration pieces.
Country: England, Celtic Denomination/metal: Gold Stater Date/mint mark: Circa 25 – 35 AD Type Third Coinage, Vine Leaf type Ref. no: S 121; vA 520-1
Obv. Vine leaf, 'VI' to left 'RI' to right Rev. Celtic warrior on horse right, warrior holds shield and spear, 'COF' in field, 'C' behind rider, 'O' above and 'F' below, pellet border. 18mm, 5.23g. AEF - About Extremely Fine – well struck and well centred
Verica was a British client king of the Roman Empire in the years preceding the Claudian invasion of 43 AD. From his coinage, he appears to have been king of the Atrebates tribe and a son of Commius. He succeeded his elder brother Eppillus as king in about 12 AD, reigning at Calleva Atrebatum, now Silchester. He was recognised as rex by Rome and appears to have had friendly trade and diplomatic links with the empire, possibly head-quartered at present day Fishbourne Roman Palace, where one of his signet rings was recently discovered. The area of the tribe he ruled, the Atrebates and Regni, was roughly what is now Berkshire, Sussex and Eastern Hampshire. Dio Cassius records that "Bericus" (almost certainly Verica) was expelled from Britain around this time during a revolt. Suetonius refers to demands by the Britons that Rome return "certain deserters". As rex, Verica was nominally an ally of Rome, so his exile gave Claudius an excuse to begin his invasion. Verica's relationship with Rome has been used to argue for the site of the Roman invasion of Britain as being along the south coast to assist him, rather than being at the traditional spot at Richborough in Kent. After the invasion, Verica may have been restored as king but this is not attested in the historical or archaeological record. Certainly, Verica's coins have a strong Roman influence and this particular 'Vine-leaf' stater is of superior die engraving to those coins of the more northern and western Celtic tribes. As well as being an amazing contemporary representation of a mounted Celtic warrior it is also in fantastic condition. History now will never reveal the true significance of the vine leaf to the Atrebates – although it is easy to 'conject'!
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649) Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Unite) Date/mint mark: mm. heart, 1629 - 1630 Type Tower Mint under king Ref. no: S 2688
Obv. Crowned bust of Charles left, denomination behind, 'CAROLVS DG MA BR FR ET HIB REX'. Rev. Crowned and garnished Royal Arms, 'FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA' (Through concord kingdoms flourish). 33mm, 9.12g. VF - Strong Very Fine
Very pretty coin – although there is some wear and weak areas to the legend the portrait is very strong and detailed. It is interesting to note that as this is an early issue Charles is wearing a ruff which was just going out of fashion. Coins struck after this issue portray him wearing the lace collar which is how we normally picture this Stuart king.
Obv. Armoured and diademed bust left, 'HARDACNUT'. Rev. Voided Long cross, each limb terminating in three crescents, crescents in two angles 'TOCI ON LVND' (Toci at Lund). 1g. GVF - Good Very Fine, strongly struck
Harthacnut was the only legitimate son and therefore heir of Cnut and on his father's death in 1035 inherited both England and Denmark. This silver penny is similar to his English issue except that there are crescents on the reverse and the moneyer is the Danish 'Toci of Lund' in southern Sweden, then part of the Danish realm. Harthacanut was prevented leaving Denmark due to political problems and only arrived in England in 1040 by which time his half brother Harold Harefoot and regent had rather secured the kingdom for his own. Harold's timely death allowed Harthacnut to reclaim England without bloodshed although the latter died only two years later. Before he returned to England, during Harold's Regency, coins were struck in both his and Harold’s name from 1035 – 1037 and this is one in Harthacnut's name around 1036. In June 1042 Harthacnut attended the wedding of his father's Standard Bearer in Lambeth where he died of excessive drinking – or possibly poison. He was succeeded by Magnus in Denmark and Edward the Confessor in England. Harthacnut was the last Danish king to rule England.
Country: England, Anglo-Saxon King (reign): Harold I (1035 – 1040) Denomination/metal: Gold Penny Date/mint mark: 1038 – 1040 Type Fleur-de-lis Type, struck LONDON by Leofred Ref. no: N 803; S 1165
Obv. Armoured and diademed bust left, 'HAROLD RECX'. Rev. Voided Long cross, in angles fleurs-de-lis between two pellets, 'LIFRED O LVND' (Leofred at London). 18mm, 1.14g. GVF - Good Very Fine, strongly struck
Very rare coin struck over only a two year period, 1038 to 40 also well struck and a good clean example. Harold I, nicknamed 'Harefoot' because of his speed at running and hunting, was the son of Cnut and his first wife, Elfgifu. On Cnut's death in 1035 the younger son Harthacnut of his second wife Emma, was named the legitimate heir. Harthacnut understood it that his elder half brother was 'regent' while he was unable to leave Denmark due to political problems there. However, Harold gradually promoted himself as king over all England and was certainly regarded as such in Mercia and Northumbria with Harthacnut still controlling Wessex through his mother. In 1040 Harthacnut prepared a Danish force to invade England and restore his kingdom but conveniently Harold died and thus Harthacnut regained it with no resistance.
Country: England, Tudor King (reign): Mary (1553 - 1554) Denomination/metal: Gold Groat Date/mint mark: 1553 – 1554 Type Only issue Ref. no: S 2492
Obv. Crowned bust left, 'MARIA DG ANG FRA Z HIB REGI'. Rev. Royal Arms on a cross fourchee, 'VERITAS TEMPORIS FILIA' (Truth, the daughter of Time). 24mm, 2.18g. GVF - Good Very Fine, well struck with a beautiful dark patination
Very good example of this single issue (1553/54) of Mary, also the largest silver denomination, before she married Philip of Spain. Superb portrait, well struck, detailed and nicely toned. Rare. Aged 37 at her accession, Mary wished to marry and have children in order to leave a Catholic heir to carry on her religious reforms. To this end she removed her half-sister Elizabeth (a focus for Protestant opposition) from direct succession. Mary restored papal supremacy in England, abandoned the title of Supreme Head of the Church, reintroduced Roman Catholic bishops and began the slow reintroduction of monastic orders. Mary also revived the old heresy laws to secure the religious conversion of the country; heresy was regarded as a religious and civil offence amounting to treason (to believe in a different religion from the Sovereign was an act of defiance and disloyalty). As a result, around 300 Protestant heretics were burnt in three years - apart from eminent Protestant clergy such as Cranmer (a former archbishop and author of two Books of Common Prayer), Latimer and Ridley, these heretics were mostly poor and self-taught people. Apart from making Mary deeply unpopular, such treatment demonstrated that people were prepared to die for the Protestant settlement established in Henry's reign.
Country: England, Hanoverian King (reign): George IV (1820 - 1830) Denomination/metal: Silver Sovereign, Half Date/mint mark: 1826 Type PROOF Ref. no: S 3804
Obv. Bare head left. Rev. Crowned and garnished Royal Arms, 'REX FID DEF BRITANNIARUM'. 19mm, 3.99g. - PROOF 'Fleur de Coin', PCGS graded 'PR64 D CAM', (in plastic slab).
FDC example of this proof issue half sovereign of George IV. More importantly, it has virtually never been touched meaning there are no hair-lines, finger prints or smudges on its mirror-like field surfaces. A true gem of a coin! It has been 'slabbed' and independently graded by the American Grading Company PCGS as 'PROOF 64 CAMEO' which is an extremely high grade and almost impossible to better.
Country: England, Stuart King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649) Denomination/metal: Gold Penny, Six (Sixpence) Date/mint mark: mm. anchor, 1638 – 1639 Type Briot's Second Milled Issue Ref. no: N 2306; S 2860
Obv. Crowned bust of Charles left wearing lace collar, denomination behind, 'CAROLVS DG MAG BRIT FR ET HIB REX'. Rev. Royal Arms on a cross moline, 'CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO' (I reign under the auspice of Christ). 24mm, 3.11g. GVF - Good Very fine to almost Extremely Fine, remains of original lustre
Charles employed the Frenchman Nicholas Briot who issued his machine made coins (ie milled rather than hammered) as an experiment in 1631 and 1632 and then again, after his return from Scotland, in 1638 to 1639 when this coin was made. This example exhibits a little wear but otherwise has a fantastic portrait of the king. Although he produced superior coins that were well and precision struck, Briot and his milling machines were unpopular at the Tower of London. However in 1633 Charles had made Briot 'Chief Engraver' and a few years later Briot again attempted mechanisation at the Mint. Unfortunately, this second attempt was shelved after only a few months by the Civil War and thus in this piece we have not only a very rare and superiorly produced coin but also an important 'landmark' in the issue of milled British coins which would not be fully instituted at the Mint for a further thirty years.