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England - Charles I, Gold Triple Unite, minted Oxford during the Civil War, 1642

Stock code: CM000481X
£98,500
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Gold Pounds, Three (Triple Unite)
Date/mint mark: 1642
Type Oxford Mint, 'Declaration'
Ref. no: Schneider 286; N 2381; S 2724

Obv. Half length tall figure of Charles to left, wearing crown and full armour holding a sword and an olive branch. Plumes behind, 'CAROLVS DG MAG BRIT FRAN ET HI REX'. Rev. Declaration in a three line scroll, 'RELIG PROT / LEG ANG / LIBER PAR' (Protestant Religion, Laws of England, Liberty of Parliament), three plumes above with mark of value, date below; around 'EXVRGAT DEVS DISSIPENTVR INIMICI' (Let God arise and let the enemy be scattered).
46mm, 27g. GVF - Good Very Fine, strongly struck

TheTripleUnite, valued atsixty shillings, 60/-or three pounds, was the highestEnglishdenomination to be produced. It was struck at the Oxford Mint set up during the first English Civil War of 1642-6 and issued between January and March of 1642 at the hurriedly set up mint at New Inn Hall in Oxford. This huge coin was issued, at least in part, for use as gifts to those whom the King wished to 'cement' to his side in the Civil War. Thus he obverse design for the coin features an armoured bust of Charles I, with broadsword raised, and yet in visual dichotomy he bears an olive branch clutched over his heart. Charles was visually appealing to either nature of the benefactor he was seeking to entice. The bust on this coin is very hawkish which is the earliest type, later he had it changed to a more benevolent softer style. On the reverse he put his famous declaration – uttered in 1642 when he swore to to uphold the Protestant Religion, the laws of England and the freedom of Parliament. Very rare and spectacular coin!

Great Britain - 1726 AD Guinea - (AEF) Milled, Gold

Stock code: CM000185X
£4,100
Country: Great Britain
King (reign): George I (1714 - 1723)
Denomination/metal: Gold Guinea
Type: Milled
Ref. no: S3635

Obv. Laureate bust of king right. Rev. Arms of Britain France, Ireland and Hanover in cruciform, garter in centre, sceptres in angles.
25mm, 8.35g. AEF - About Extremely Fine – residual lustre

Scarce and good condition guinea

Great Britain - 1739 AD Guineas, Two - (AEF) Milled, Gold

Stock code: CM000323X
£3,900
Country: Great Britain
King (reign): George II (1723 - 1760)
Denomination/metal: Gold Guineas, Two
Type: Milled Intermediate, laureate head
Ref. no: Schneider 576; S 3668

Obv. Laureate, draped bust left. Rev. Crowned, garnished Royal Arms – Great Britain, France, Ireland and Hanover.
32mm, 16.71g. AEF - Almost Extremely Fine, reverse better. Lustre in protected areas of the field, clean coin

Handsome large gold coin of George II, little wear making it a pleasing and desirable coin. George was the last British monarch born outside Great Britain and was born and brought up in Northern Germany. As king from 1727, George exercised little control over British domestic policy, which was largely controlled by Great Britain's parliament. As elector, he spent 12 summers in Hanover, where he had more direct control over government policy. He had a difficult relationship with his eldest son, Frederick , who supported the parliamentary opposition. During the War of the Austrian Succession, George participated at the Battle of Dettingen in 1743, and thus became the last British monarch to lead an army into battle. In 1745, supporters of the Stuart and Catholic claimant to the British throne failed to depose George in the last of the Jacobite rebellions. Frederick died unexpectedly in 1751, leaving George's grandson, George III , as heir apparent and ultimately king.

Bank of England, ONE MILLION POUND banknote 1948 - One of only two 'million pound' notes in existence!

Stock code: B000001X
£125,000
Country: Great Britain
King (reign): George VI - (1936 - 1952)
Denomination/metal: Banknote Pounds, One Million
Date/mint mark: Bank of England

0mm, 0g. VF - Small hole cancellation through signature. Light creases and some handling otherwise good very fine to about extremely fine and extremely rare.

One Million Pounds, 30 August 1948, D 000007, on Bank of England watermarked paper, PAYABLE ON DEMAND, signature of E.E. Bridges, Secretary to the Treasury, bottom right, stamped ‘CANCELLED, 6 OCT. 1948, BANK OF ENGLAND’. Monies received through the Marshall Aid plan after World War II, were subject to strict accountability. The Treasury had to borrow from the Bank of England on a short term basis and to help with the book keeping requested the printing of high value notes. The total order sent to The Bank of England printing works was for Three Hundred Million Pounds in varying denominations, starting from Twenty Five Thousand Pounds. It is believed that the entire issue was subsequently destroyed with the exception of numbers Seven and Eight for One Million Pounds which were presented to the British and American Treasury Secretaries respectively.

England, Gold Laurel (20/-) of James I - issued between 1621 & 1623.

Stock code: CM001185
£2,900
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): James I (1603 - 1625)
Denomination/metal: Gold Laurel
Date/mint mark: mm. thistle, 1621 - 1623
Type Third Coinage, 3rd. Bust
Ref. no: S 2638A.

Obv. Laureate, draped bust of James left, denomination 'XX' behind, 'IACOBVS D'G' MAG' BRI' FRA' ET HIB' REX'. Rev. Crowned Royal Arms on cross fourchee, 'FACIAM EOS IN GENTEM VNAM', (I will make them into one nation).
35mm, 9.06g. AVF - About Very Fine, well struck.

Not very rare issue and exhibiting some wear - however, this piece has a well struck detailed portrait with all legends readable - also very nice even light toning and large flan thus desirable. In 1619 there was a currency reform and new 20 shillings piece was reduced in weigh making the former coins worth 22 shillings. To make it easy to differentiate between the two coins this new lighter coin was issued with James facing left - the other direction - and wearing a laurel wreath rather than a crown. Consequently it became known as a 'Laurel'.

England, Spectacular and large gold Rose-Ryal (30/-) of James I, struck between 1605 & 1606.

Stock code: CM001172
£15,000
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): James I (1603 - 1625)
Denomination/metal: Gold Rose Ryal
Date/mint mark: mm. rose; 1605 - 1606
Type Second Coinage
Ref. no: Schneider 10 ; N 2079; S 2613.

Obv. King enthroned in state robes holding orb and sceptre, Portcullis at feet, 'IACOBVS D G MAG BRIT FRAN ET HIBER REX'. Rev. Royal Arms on Tudor Rose, 'A DNO FACTVM EST ISTVD ET EST MIRAB IN OCVLIS NRIS', (This is the Lord's doing, and marvellous in our eyes).
41mm, 13.42g. AVF - Almost Very Fine, well struck so although some wear, in fact all details strong.

Very splendid and spectacular coin struck in the style of James’s Tudor predecessors - which denomination was discontinued after 1624’. It's Tudor style can be clearly seen in the large full-rose reverse and the monarch enthroned in full regalia on the obverse – a coin first introduced by Henry VII at the end of the 16th. Century. On inheriting the Tudor throne James Stuart was keen to illustrate the handsome example – well struck, good clear definition – particularly in his facial features, clothing, rose petals and both obv. and rev. legends. The coinage of James I is particularly diverse and this piece must count as one of the most splendid making it very desirable.

England, Edward VI large gold Sovereign issued at Southwark between 1549 & 1550.

Stock code: CM001176
£17,500
Country: England, Tudor
King (reign): Edward IV (1471 - 1483)
Denomination/metal: Gold Sovereign
Date/mint mark: mm. 'Y', 1549 - 1550
Type Second period, Southwark Mint.
Ref. no: Schneider 685; N 1906; S 2433.

Obv. Crowned King seated in throne, facing, 'EDWARD ; VI : D' G' AGL' FRAN' ET HIB' REX'. Rev. Crowned Royal Arms with lion and griffon supporters 'ER' in cartouche below. 'IHS AVTEM TRANSIENS PER ME' DO ILLORV' IBAT', (But Jesus, passing through the midst of them, went His way).
36mm, 10.11g. AVF - Almost Extremely Fine, some wear but generally well struck. A little tooling in one area of the field between lower centre and right scroll on rev.

This sovereign of 20 shillings issued in Southwark during the first part of the Boy King's reign, ie when he was only ten years of age, is a superb contemporary portrait of Henry VIII's sickly son Edward VI. A little weakly struck at his face, otherwise other details clear. This was the first of three types of gold Sovereign depicting the boy King Edward VI dating to 1550. This second period coinage was only issued once the King was satisfied that the coinage could be sustained at a higher fineness of gold than his Father's debased issues. Therefore this Sovereign was issued at 22 carat fineness (0.917 fine), which we still use for British gold coinage today, and a 20-Shilling face value, though it weighed only just over 169 grains (10.977g), as the country continued to recover from the extravagance of Henry VIII. This example was struck at the Southwark mint where Sir John Yorke was the Under-Treasurer, hence the use of his surname initial 'Y' for the mintmark.

England, Henry VII. Gold Angel (6s/8d.), struck 1505 to 1509.

Stock code: CM001183
£2,250
Country: England, Tudor
King (reign): Henry VII (1485 - 1509)
Denomination/metal: Gold Angel
Date/mint mark: mm. pheon, 1505 - 1509
Type Type 5
Ref. no: Schneider 542; n 1698; S 2187.

Obv. The angel St. Michael spearing fallen dragon like devil, 'HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGL Z FR'. Rev. Ancient ship with central mast a cross upon which is the Royal Arms, 'h' and rose either side. 'PER CRVCE TVA SALVA NOS XPE RED', (By the cross save us, Oh Christ our Redeemer).
28mm, 5.03g. AVF - About Very Fine, well struck.

Some wear but all the main features visible – pretty little coin. The angel had been issued for nearly a hundred years but towards the turn of the century the design of St. Michael was changed from a fairly 'elfish' feathered figure to a winged knight in renaissance armour as seen here. The Lancastrian Henry (VII) Tudor married Yorkist Edward IV's daughter thereby bringing together the red and white roses to form the 'Tudor Rose' and thus ending the 'Wars of the Roses' which had devastated England for 50 years.

England, Henry VIII. Gold Angel (6s/8d.), struck 1509 to 1526.

Stock code: CM001179
£3,750
Country: England, Tudor
King (reign): Henry VIII (1509 - 1547)
Denomination/metal: Gold Angel
Date/mint mark: mm. crowned portcullis, 1509 - 1526
Type First Coinage
Ref. no: N 1760; S 1760.

Obv. The angel St. Michael spearing fallen dragon like devil, 'HENRIC VIII DI GRA REX AGL Z FRAN'. Rev. Ancient ship with central mast a cross upon which is the Royal Arms, 'h' and rose either side. 'PER CRVCE TVA SALVA NOS XPE REDE', (By the cross save us, Oh Christ our Redeemer).
28mm, 5.14g. GVF - Good Very Fine, well struck on a large flan.

A little wear but strongly struck so that all the main features and letters in the legend are very visible. Henry VIII was the second monarch of the House of Tudor, succeeding his father, Henry VII. Very handsome coin of this well-known king. Besides his six marriages, Henry VIII is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry's struggles with Rome led to the separation of the Church of England from papal authority, the Dissolution of Monasteries and establishing himself as the Supreme Head of the church of England Yet he remained a believer in core Catholic theological teachings, even after his excommunication from the Catholic Church. Henry oversaw the legal union of England and Wales with the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 - 1542. He ruled with absolute power and his desire to provide England with a male heir - which stemmed partly from personal vanity and partly because he believed a daughter, would be unable to consolidate the Tudor dynasty and the fragile peace that existed following the Wars of the Roses - led to the two things that Henry is remembered for: his six marriages, and the English reformation, which made England a mostly Protestant nation. In later life he became morbidly obese and his health suffered; his public image is frequently depicted as one of a lustful, egotistical, harsh, and insecure king.

Anglo-Saxon England, Aethelstan silver penny struck in the North East 924 – 939. Exceptionally Rare.

Stock code: CM001174
£8,500
Country: England, Medieval
King (reign): Æthelstan, 924 – 939
Denomination/metal: Silver Penny
Date/mint mark: 924 - 939
Type N. E. Mint, Helmeted Bust.
Ref. no: N 686; S 1103.

Obv. Crowned and helmeted bust right, '+EÐLSTAN REX'. Rev. Cross crosslet in centre, '+GINARD MONETA' (Ginard moneyer).
21mm, 1.34g. EF - Extremely fine, well struck and bright.

Extremely rare issue struck in the North East and in beautiful condition in addition. The grandson of King Alfred the Great, Aethelstan is considered one of the most important figures in early English history. He was a talented military tactician (responsible for the English victory at the battle of Brunanburh) and a brilliant political and social reformer, laying the foundations for a new, modern England. The battle of Brunanburh is considered, alongside the battle of Hastings, as amongst the most important battles in English history - but unlike Hastings the invaders, the Scots and the Vikings, were defeated and expelled. In the year 927 Aethelstan conquered the last remaining Viking Kingdom, York and consequently won the submission of the other English Kings. He thus, became the first Anglo Saxon ruler to control the whole of England. These hugely significant achievements were proudly commemorated by a new issue of coinage, known as the 'circumscription cross' type pennies. On these coins Aethelstan proudly declares his new title, Rex Totius Britanniae - "King of all Britain".

England, Charles I. 'Second Issue' Silver milled sixpence issued 1638 and 1639.

Stock code: CM001177
£800
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Silver Penny, Six (Sixpence)
Date/mint mark: mm. 'Anchor', 1638 - 1639
Type Briot's Second Milled Issue
Ref. no: S 2860.

Obv. Crowned bust left, denomination (VI) behind, 'CAROLVS DG MAG BRIT FR ET HIB REX'. Rev. Royal Arms on cross recerclee,'CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO', (I reign under the auspice of Christ).
25mm, 2.93g. GEF - Good Extremely Fine, light correction marks on obv., very attractive iridescent toning to lustre.

Superb example of this Second Milled sixpence with fantastic iridescent lustre of blues and pinks. Charles employed the Frenchman Nicholas Briot who issued his machine made coins (ie milled rather than hammered) as an experiment in 1631 and 1632 and then again, after his return from Scotland, in 1638 to 1639 when this coin was made. This example exhibits virtually no wear although there are the normal correction marks - but otherwise has a fantastic portrait of the king. Although he produced superior coins that were well and precision struck, Briot and his milling machines were unpopular at the Tower of London. However in 1633 Charles had made Briot 'Chief Engraver' and a few years later Briot again attempted mechanisation at the Mint. Unfortunately, this second attempt was shelved after only a few months by the Civil War and thus in this piece we have not only a very rare and superiorly produced coin but also an important 'landmark' in the issue of milled British coins which would not be fully instituted at the Mint for a further thirty years.

England, Henry VIII..Gold Angel (6s/8d.) struck 1509 to 1526.

Stock code: CM001184
£2,150
Country: England, Tudor
King (reign): Henry VIII (1509 - 1547)
Denomination/metal: Gold Angel
Date/mint mark: mm. castle, 1509 - 1526
Type First Coinage
Ref. no: Schneider 560; N 1760; S 2265.

Obv. The angel St. Michael spearing fallen dragon like devil, 'HENRIC VIII DI GRA REX AGL Z FR'. Rev. Ancient ship with central mast a cross upon which is the Royal Arms, 'h' and rose either side. 'PER CRVCE TVA SALVA NOS XPE REDET', (By the cross save us, Oh Christ our Redeemer).
28mm, 5.08g. AVF - About Very Fine, well struck.

Some wear but strongly struck so that all the main features and letters in the legend are very visible. Henry VIII was the second monarch of the House of Tudor, succeeding his father, Henry VII. Very handsome coin of this well-known king. Besides his six marriages, Henry VIII is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry's struggles with Rome led to the separation of the Church of England from papal authority, the Dissolution of Monasteries and establishing himself as the Supreme Head of the church of England Yet he remained a believer in core Catholic theological teachings, even after his excommunication from the Catholic Church. Henry oversaw the legal union of England and Wales with the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 - 1542. He ruled with absolute power and his desire to provide England with a male heir—which stemmed partly from personal vanity and partly because he believed a daughter, would be unable to consolidate the Tudor dynasty and the fragile peace that existed following the Wars of the Roses - led to the two things that Henry is remembered for: his six marriages, and the English reformation , which made England a mostly Protestant nation. In later life he became morbidly obese and his health suffered; his public image is frequently depicted as one of a lustful, egotistical, harsh, and insecure king.

Scotland, Charles I silver twelve-shillings, Intermediate Issue 1637 – 1642.

Stock code: CM001103
£375
Country: Scotland King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Silver Shillings, Twelve
Type Third Coinage, Intermediate Issue
Ref. no: S 5559.

Obv. Crowned bust left, denomination 'XII' behind, CAR D G MAG BRITAN FR ET HIB REX'. Rev. Crowned Royal Arms dividing crowned 'CR', small thistle above crown, QVE DEVS CONIVNXIT NEMO SEPARET' (What God hath joined together let no man put asunder).
31mm, 5.81g. GVF - Good Very Fine, well struck, weight adjustment marks.

Beautifully detailed bust and good example of this 'Intermediate' issue of superior coins issued while Nicholas Briot was working at the Edinburgh Mint. Charles I had sent the French die engraver up to Edinburgh to sort the coinage out in 1635 as 'Master of the Scottish Mint' and a few years later he was joined by his son-in-law John Falconer who eventually succeeded him in 1646. However, this series of coins was engraved either by Briot or Falconer under his father-in-law's direction, in the early years of 1637 – 1642.

Viking England, Anlaf Guthfrithsson silver 'Raven' penny, struck at York , 939 - 941

Stock code: CM001154
£24,000
Country: England, Celtic
King (reign): Anlaf Guthfriston (939 -941)
Denomination/metal: Silver Penny
Date/mint mark: 939 – 941
Type Hiberno Norse Viking issue, struck YORK
Ref. no: N 537; S 1019

Obv. Raven with wings displayed and head turned to left, ' •+A•NLAF CVNVNC IL' (Anlaf king). Rev. Small cross pattee in centre '+•A•ÐEL•FERD MINET RG' (Athelferd Moneyer).
20mm, 1.21g. EF - Better than Extremely Fine, well struck and beautifully toned, likely best example known. Once 'slabbed' and graded by NGC as 'MS62' [their certificate inc.].

Superb, exceptionally rare and archetypal Viking coin, generally considered to be the best example in existence! Anlaf Guthfrithsson was the Viking King of Dublin who had come over to England and brought with him an Hiberno-Norse army to support the two Scottish kings - Constantine II and Owen I against Aethelstan, King of Anglo-Saxon England. This combined Norse-Celtic force lost the massive and very bloody battle of Brunanburh in 937 believed to be somewhere in the Wirral - but Anlaf survived the route and escaped back to Ireland. A few years later after the death of Aethelstan in 939, in a period of uncertainty, he returned and successfully seized York and parts of the East Midlands and set up a Viking kingdom which lasted for ten years . This archetypal Viking coin the ‘Raven Penny’ was minted during this short rule, for he died two years later in 941. The obverse legend means ‘King Anlaf’ (Olaf) in Old Norse and is one of the earliest surviving texts in this language. Most Viking coins had Latin inscriptions like Anglo-Saxon coins of the period so this coin is truly Viking and doubly so as it features the Viking war standard - the raven – or is it an eagle? Both birds were associated with the Norse god "Odin", but the eagle is also associated with St John the Evangelist, so the religious message of the coins is uncertain. It could be a deliberately pagan symbol, or one which both pagans and Christians could accept. This is a very rare coin and this particular piece is exceptionally rare as it is very likely the best example in existence. With its ‘Old Norse’ legends and splendid raven it is everything one would expect a Viking coin to look like and thus has become an iconic coin.

England, Charles I gold Unite (20/-) issued 134 – 1635.

Stock code: CM001152
£3,150
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Unite)
Date/mint mark: Mintmark 'Bell' 1634 – 35.
Type Tower Mint, Group D, Bust 5.
Ref. no: N 2153; S 2692.

Obv. Crowned, draped bust left, denomination 'XX' to right, CAROLVS D' G' MA' BR' FR' ET HI' REX'. Rev. Crowned, garnished almost round Royal Arms dividing crowned 'CR', 'FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA' (Through concord kingdoms flourish).
32mm, 9.05g. VF - Very Fine, well struck though weakness in one part of legend.

Superb and traditional lace collared portrait of Charles, apart from one small area all legends strongly and clearly struck – very attractive example and rare thus. Interesting to note that the fashion of ruffs had now died out and contrary to his earlier issues we see Charles wearing a lace collar - with which we normally associate the 'Cavaliers'.

Scotland, Splendid gold Rider (100/- Scots) dated 1594.

Stock code: CM000779
£6,500
Country: Scotland
King (reign): James VI (1567 - 1625)
Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, 100
Date/mint mark: 1594
Type Seventh issue.
Ref. no: S 5458

Obv. James, in full armour holding sword and orb, riding a fully caparisoned horse right, 'IACOBVS 6 D G R SCOTORVM'. Rev. Crowned Royal Arms, 'SPERO MELIORA' ( I hope hope better things).
28mm, 4.96g. AVF - Almost Very Fine, well struck.

Very splendid Scottish coin, nicknamed the 'rider' this coin was worth 100 shillings Scots This coin was issued just before James became King of England and was brought south by James in 1603 and was made legal tender in England and Wales as 10 shillings. The coinage of James VI is a very large and varied issue – more so than any other Scottish monarch, many new and innovatively designed pieces were introduced during this reign as well as several new denominations. After he inherited the English throne as James I in 1603 the Scottish monetary system was tied to the English system at a rate of 12:1 which was continued until the union of the two crowns as the United Kingdom under Anne in 1707, at which point the Scottish coinage was called in.

England, gold Double-Crown of James I, struck between 1606 & 1607

Stock code: CM000658
£1,850
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): James I (1603 - 1625)
Denomination/metal: Gold Crown, Double
Date/mint mark: Mintmark 'Escallop' – 1606 -07.
Type Second Coinage, Fourth bust.
Ref. no: Schneider 33; N 2087; S 2622.

Obv. Crowned, cuirassed bust of king right , 'IACOBVS D G MAG BRIT FRAN ET HIB REX'. Rev. Crowned Royal Arms dividing 'IR', 'HENRICVS ROSAS REGNA IACOBVS', (Henry [united] the roses, James the kingdoms).
29mm, 4.92g. AEF - Very Fine - or better

Issued from 1605 - 11, this denomination with the fourth bust is an uncommon coin and although this piece has seen a little wear all the main features are clearly visible with no weak areas in the legend on both sides. The coinage of James I is a very large and varied issue – more so than any other monarch, many new and innovatively designed pieces were introduced during this reign as well as several new denominations. It is interesting to note the reverse legend of this coin - having become king James I of England, James VI of Scotland was very keen to unite the two kingdoms – a concept which is still current and just as controversial today !

England, James I gold Unite (20 shillings) issued 1604 – 1605.

Stock code: CM001061
£3,250
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): James VI (1567 - 1625)
Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Unite)
Date/mint mark: Mintmark 'Lis' – Nov. 1604 – Jun. 1605.
Type Second Issue.

Obv. Crowned king in full armour right holding orb and sceptre, IACOBVS DG MAG BRIT FRANC ET HIB REX'. Rev. Crowned and garnished Royal Arms dividing 'IR', FACIAM EOS IN GENTEM VNAM'. (I will make them into one nation).
37mm, 9.84g. AVF - About Very Fine, well struck but with a little wear.

Although this coin has seen a little wear, because it was strongly stuck all the main features are still visible and it is still a very attractive piece of this first Stuart monarch of England. Called a 'Unite' because of James's wish to 'unite' the nations of England and Scotland – which sentiment he chose to be the reverse legend of his twenty Shillings piece. This is a concept that is particularly relevant today !

England, Elizabeth I silver 'milled' Halfcrown of 1601

Stock code: CM001068
£6,300
Country: England, Tudor
King (reign): Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603)
Denomination/metal: Silver Crown, Half
Date/mint mark: Mintmark '1' – 1601
Type Seventh issue.
Ref. no: N 2013; S 2583.

Obv. Crowned bust left with intricate bodice, 'ELIZABETH D G ANG FRA ET HIBER REGINA'. Rev. Royal Arms on cross fourchee, 'POSVI DEVM ADIVTOREM MEVM', (I have made God my helper)
35mm, 14.9g. AEF - Almost Extremely Fine, reverse better.

This coin is well struck and very nicely patinated , especially on the reverse. The die work is very good and with this strong strike has resulted in marvellous and attractive detail to Elizabeth's portrait – the clarity of her features, the intricacy of her bodice and with little wear, all in sharp definition. This is a very good example and a fantastic contemporary portrait of this iconic Tudor queen.

England, Elizabeth I large gold Sovereign (30 shillings) issued 1592 – 1593. Attractive example.

Stock code: CM001059
£16,750
Country: England, Tudor
King (reign): Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603)
Denomination/metal: Gold Sovereign
Date/mint mark: Mintmark 'Tun' – Feb. 1592 – Jun. 1593.
Type Second issue, Second period.
Ref. no: Schneider 783; N 2003 S 2529.

Obv. Elizabeth, crowned and wearing ceremonial robes, seated facing on throne bearing orb and sceptre, portcullis at her feet, 'ELIZABETH D'G' ANG' FRA' ET HIB' REGINA'. Rev. Royal Arms in centre of Tudor rose, 'A DNO FACTV' EST ISTVDET EST MIRAB' INOCVL' NRS', (This is the Lord's doing and is marvellous in our eyes'.
42mm, 15.32g. GVF - Good Very Fine, a little weak to the right of her chin. Small privy mark (cross) lightly scratched on her right shoulder).

Large, splendid and rare gold Thirty shillings piece of Elizabeth, called a sovereign because it portrays the sovereign in full length. Very good condition although just al little weakly struck at Elizabeth's chin – if it were strong here then the coin would be two to three times this price. Apart from this natural striking weakness it is a very good coin and the detail on the reverse is very crisp and strong.

England, Charles I silver Crown, struck during Civil War at Truro 1642 – 1643.

Stock code: CM001063
£1,500
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Silver Crown
Date/mint mark: Mintmark 'Rose' – 1642-43.
Type Truro Mint
Ref. no: S 3045.

Obv. King crowned and armoured on horse left, sash flying out, 'CAROLVS D G MAG BRIT FRA ET HI REX'. Rev. Round, garnished Royal Arms, CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO' (I reign under the auspice of Christ).
42mm, 28.82g. VF - Very Fine, upper bust a little weakly struck

These coins are normally quickly and badly struck but this example exhibits very little wear, a full legend with a very well struck reverse. However the upper bust of Charles is a little weak but the detail in the horse is very good. This coin is a better specimen than the plate coin in 'Coins of England'. When the Civil War began in 1642, the Tower mint fell into the hands of Parliament and Charles was forced to open a mints in Royalist held western England at Shrewsbury, Bristol and Oxford Truro and finally Exeter. (1642 -46). In 1643 the king was already minting coins in Truro and on 4 September, after a siege, Exeter surrendered to Prince Maurice and the city remained in Royalist hands till 9 April 1646. On 3 January 1644 Sir Richard Vyvyan received a Royal Commission to set up a mint in Exeter;