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England - Charles I, Gold Triple Unite, minted Oxford during the Civil War, 1642

Stock code: CM000481X
£98,500
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Gold Pounds, Three (Triple Unite)
Date/mint mark: 1642
Type Oxford Mint, 'Declaration'
Ref. no: Schneider 286; N 2381; S 2724

Obv. Half length tall figure of Charles to left, wearing crown and full armour holding a sword and an olive branch. Plumes behind, 'CAROLVS DG MAG BRIT FRAN ET HI REX'. Rev. Declaration in a three line scroll, 'RELIG PROT / LEG ANG / LIBER PAR' (Protestant Religion, Laws of England, Liberty of Parliament), three plumes above with mark of value, date below; around 'EXVRGAT DEVS DISSIPENTVR INIMICI' (Let God arise and let the enemy be scattered).
46mm, 27g. GVF - Good Very Fine, strongly struck

TheTripleUnite, valued atsixty shillings, 60/-or three pounds, was the highestEnglishdenomination to be produced. It was struck at the Oxford Mint set up during the first English Civil War of 1642-6 and issued between January and March of 1642 at the hurriedly set up mint at New Inn Hall in Oxford. This huge coin was issued, at least in part, for use as gifts to those whom the King wished to 'cement' to his side in the Civil War. Thus he obverse design for the coin features an armoured bust of Charles I, with broadsword raised, and yet in visual dichotomy he bears an olive branch clutched over his heart. Charles was visually appealing to either nature of the benefactor he was seeking to entice. The bust on this coin is very hawkish which is the earliest type, later he had it changed to a more benevolent softer style. On the reverse he put his famous declaration – uttered in 1642 when he swore to to uphold the Protestant Religion, the laws of England and the freedom of Parliament. Very rare and spectacular coin!

Great Britain - 1739 AD Guineas, Two - (AEF) Milled, Gold

Stock code: CM000323X
£3,900
Country: Great Britain
King (reign): George II (1723 - 1760)
Denomination/metal: Gold Guineas, Two
Type: Milled Intermediate, laureate head
Ref. no: Schneider 576; S 3668

Obv. Laureate, draped bust left. Rev. Crowned, garnished Royal Arms – Great Britain, France, Ireland and Hanover.
32mm, 16.71g. AEF - Almost Extremely Fine, reverse better. Lustre in protected areas of the field, clean coin

Handsome large gold coin of George II, little wear making it a pleasing and desirable coin. George was the last British monarch born outside Great Britain and was born and brought up in Northern Germany. As king from 1727, George exercised little control over British domestic policy, which was largely controlled by Great Britain's parliament. As elector, he spent 12 summers in Hanover, where he had more direct control over government policy. He had a difficult relationship with his eldest son, Frederick , who supported the parliamentary opposition. During the War of the Austrian Succession, George participated at the Battle of Dettingen in 1743, and thus became the last British monarch to lead an army into battle. In 1745, supporters of the Stuart and Catholic claimant to the British throne failed to depose George in the last of the Jacobite rebellions. Frederick died unexpectedly in 1751, leaving George's grandson, George III , as heir apparent and ultimately king.

Bank of England, ONE MILLION POUND banknote 1948 - One of only two 'million pound' notes in existence!

Stock code: B000001X
£125,000
Country: Great Britain
King (reign): George VI - (1936 - 1952)
Denomination/metal: Banknote Pounds, One Million
Date/mint mark: Bank of England

0mm, 0g. VF - Small hole cancellation through signature. Light creases and some handling otherwise good very fine to about extremely fine and extremely rare.

One Million Pounds, 30 August 1948, D 000007, on Bank of England watermarked paper, PAYABLE ON DEMAND, signature of E.E. Bridges, Secretary to the Treasury, bottom right, stamped ‘CANCELLED, 6 OCT. 1948, BANK OF ENGLAND’. Monies received through the Marshall Aid plan after World War II, were subject to strict accountability. The Treasury had to borrow from the Bank of England on a short term basis and to help with the book keeping requested the printing of high value notes. The total order sent to The Bank of England printing works was for Three Hundred Million Pounds in varying denominations, starting from Twenty Five Thousand Pounds. It is believed that the entire issue was subsequently destroyed with the exception of numbers Seven and Eight for One Million Pounds which were presented to the British and American Treasury Secretaries respectively.

England, James I gold Unite (20 shillings) issued in 1607.

Stock code: CM001260
£2,750
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): James I (1603 - 1625)
Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Unite)
Date/mint mark: mm. 'grapes'; 1607
Type Second Coinage, Fourth bust.
Ref. no: S 2619

Obv. Crowned, cuirassed bust right, holding orb and sceptre, 'IACOBVS D: G: MAG: BRIT: FRAN' ET HIB: REX'. Rev. Crowned, garnished square-topped Royal Arms dividing 'IR', FACIAM EOS IN GENTEM VNAM' (I will make them into one nation).
37mm, 9.91g. AVF - About Very Fine, slightly bent, exhibiting ware, but generally well struck.

Although this coin has seen a little wear it is strongly struck so exhibits good definition giving a good portrait of our first Stuart king. The mintmark 'grapes' does not turn up that often and is thus quite a rare issue. Called a 'Unite' because of James's wish to 'unite' the nations of England and Scotland that is broadcast by the reverse legend. A concept that is particularly relevant today!

England, Charles I silver Halfcrown struck 1635 – 1636.

Stock code: CM001241
£675
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Silver Crown, Half
Date/mint mark: mm. crown, 1635-1636
Type Tower Mint, Group III, Third Horseman, Type 3a1.
Ref. no: N 2209; S 2773

Obv. Charles, crowned and in full armour, carrying sword in right arm, on horse walking left, 'CAROLVS D G MAG BRI FR ET HI REX'. Rev. Oval garnished Royal Arms, CHRISTO REGNO AVSPICE', (I reign under the auspice of Christ).
37mm, 14.73g. GVF - Good Very Fine, strongly struck with attractive tonng

Very handsome coin – not particularly rare but a well struck and clear horseman with clear features of king's face. Also very handsomely toned - a blue/grey colour with bluish iridescence to toning.

Anglo-Saxon England Mercia, Coenwulf. Silver Penny c805 – 810, struck at Canterbury by the moneyer Duda.

Stock code: CM001205
£5,250
Country: England, Anglo-Saxon
King (reign): Coenwulf (796 - 821)
Denomination/metal: Silver Penny
Date/mint mark: c805 – 810
Type Portrait Type, Group II.
Ref. no: N 350; S 915.

Obv. Diademed bust right, '+ COENVVVLF REX'. Rev. Cross pommee over quatrefoil with pellet in each angle, within ring, '+ DVDA MONETA', (money of Duda).
19mm, 1.29g. VF - Very Fine or better, on a neat flan and handsomely toned.

Extremely rare and well struck coin in outstanding condition resulting in a fantastic contemporary portrait of this king of Mercia. Coenwulf (796 – 821) was a descendant of a brother of King Penda, who had ruled Mercia in the middle of the 7th century. He succeeded Ecgfrith, the son of Offa; Ecgfrith only reigned for five months, with Coenwulf coming to the throne in the same year that Offa died. In the early years of Coenwulf's reign he had to deal with a revolt in Kent, which had been under Offa's control. Eadberht Præn returned from exile in Francia to claim the Kentish throne and Coenwulf was forced to wait for papal support before he could intervene. When Pope Leo agreed to anathematize Eadberht, Coenwulf invaded and retook the kingdom; Eadberht was taken prisoner, and was blinded and had his hands cut off. Thus it is in the later part of his reign that coins were struck in Canterbury in his name Coenwulf also appears to have lost control of the kingdom of East Anglia during the early part of his reign, as an independent coinage appears under King Eadwald. Coenwulf's coinage reappears in 805 indicating that the kingdom was again under Mercian control.

English Colonial America, Silver 'Pine tree' Sixpence. Dated 1652, struck for Massachusetts in the 1660s.

Stock code: CM001217
£6,150
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles II (1660 - 1685)
Denomination/metal: Silver Penny, Six (Sixpence)
Date/mint mark: (1652) generally issued in 1660s
Type Pellets at trunk variety
Ref. no: Noe 33; Breen 48; Whitman 670.

Obv. Pine tree within pellet ring, 'MASATHUSETS IN'. Rev. Date over denomination 'VI', 'NEW ENGLAND AN DOM 1652'.
19mm, 2.11g. GVF - Good Very Fine, dark toning, obverse struck a little off centre.

Superb example of this early and very rare American Colonial coin. Beautiful lustrous grey patination, well struck although the obv. Is a little off centre – particularly good example and difficult to better! As early as 1650, the colony of Massachusetts Bay was a commercial success. But an inadequate supply of money made trading difficult. England was not inclined to send gold and silver coins to the colonies, for she too were in short supply. Taking matters into their own hands, Boston authorities allowed two settlers, John Hull and his assistant Robert Sanderson, to set up a mint in the capital, Boston in 1652. The two were soon striking silver coinage - shillings, sixpences, and threepences. Nearly all of the new coins bore the same date: 1652. It is thought that the device, the pine tree, may symbolize one of the Bay Colony's prime exports, pine trees for ships' masts. Massachusetts coinage not only circulated within that colony, but was generally accepted throughout the Northeast of America, becoming a monetary standard in its own right. The majority of the coins were actually struck a few years after the date they bear (up to the 1670s) which poses the question,' why the 1652 date'? Some believe that it was intended to commemorate the founding of the Massachusetts mint, which did occur in 1652. Others believe the choice was a reflection of larger political events. Coinage was a prerogative of the King and in theory, these colonists had no right to strike their own coins, no matter how great their need. However, in 1652, there was no king - King Charles I had been beheaded three years previously, and England was a republic. The people in Massachusetts may have cleverly decided to put that date on their coinage so that they could deny any illegality if, as did happen, there were a re-establishment of the monarchy!

England, Charles I. Gold Unite (20 shillings), issued 1635 – 1636.

Stock code: CM001223
£3,000
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Silver Shillings, Twenty (Unite)
Date/mint mark: mm. crown over bell, 1635 – 1636
Type Group 'D'.
Ref. no: Schneider 127/128; N 2159; S 2692

Obv. Crowned, draped bust left, denomination 'XX; to right, CAROLVS D' G' MAG' BR' FR' ET HI' REX'. Rev. Crowned, garnished almost round Royal Arms dividing crowned 'CR', FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA' (Through concord kingdoms flourish).
33mm, 8.88g. VF - Very Fine.

Attractive and traditional lace collared portrait of Charles, all legends strongly and clearly struck – exceptional example and very rare thus. Interesting to note that the mintmark is over the preceding year's mintmark, ie., that they used the die over two periods – just re-engraved the mintmark. Also note that the fashion of ruffs had now died out and contrary to his earlier issues we see Charles wearing a lace collar - with which we normally associate the 'cavaliers'.

England, Charles I gold Unite -'Negro's Head' mintmark -1626 – 1627.

Stock code: CM001242
£2,750
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Unite)
Date/mint mark: mm. negro's Head; 1626 – 1627
Type Tower mint, Group B, Class 1a.
Ref. no: JGB 32/33; N 2148; S 2687.

Obv. Crowned, draped bust left, denomination 'XX' behind, 'CAROLVS D' G' MAG' BRI' FRA' ET HIB' REX'. Rev. Crowned, garnished square-topped shield, 'FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA', (Through concord kingdoms flourish).
33mm, 8.99g. GVF - Good very Fine, bold strike with very clear obv. Mintmark

This coin is well struck and although it exhibits some wear, all the main features are clear. It carries the 'Negro's Head' mintmark which is very scarce making the coin desirable and ultimately rare in this grade. It has a particularly interesting early portrait of Charles in a Tudor/Jacobean style ruff which was shortly to go out of fashion in favour of the lace collar with which we normally associate the 'Royalists'. Handsome piece.

England, Edward VI silver Halfcrown, dated 1652.

Stock code: CM001191
£2,300
Country: England, Tudor
King (reign): Edward VI (1547 - 1553)
Denomination/metal: Silver Crown, Half
Date/mint mark: 1652
Type Fine silver issue.
Ref. no: N 1934; S 2479

Obv. Crowned and fully armoured king, holding sword in right hand on fully caparisoned horse walking right, EDWARD VI D'G'AGL' FRA' Z HIBER' REX'. Rev. Royal Arms on cross fourchee, POSVI DEVM ADIVTORE' MEVM', (I have made god my helper).
36mm, 15.4g. GVF - Good Very Fine well struck.

Some superficial wear, but well struck so all main features of king and horse are clearly discernible. This coin is particularly interesting in that it claims a first - it is the first time an English silver coin bears the date in Arabic numerals! The coin is rare and as a type was only issued for three years – 1551, 52 and 53.

Great Britain, George III. Silver Five Shillings Bank token, 1804 struck over a Spanish 'Piece-of-Eight'.

Stock code: CM001240
£1,125
Country: England, Hanoverian
King (reign): George III (1760 - 1820)
Denomination/metal: Silver Bank Token
Date/mint mark: 1804
Type Bank of England Dollar issue.
Ref. no: S 3768

Obv. Laureate, draped bust left, 'GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX'. Rev. Britannia seated left holding shield and olive branch, 'BANK OF ENGLAND' and within a mural crowned band 'FIVE SHILLINGS, DOLLAR'.
41mm, 26.69g. UC - Uncirculated, attractive toned lustre

Bank of England dollars were five shilling coins issued by the Bank of England struck over Spanish American Pieces of Eight. The Royal Mint was not striking enough silver coins which resulted in the circulation of Pieces of Eight Reales, from Spanish America, which were countermarked with a 'hallmark' to validate them. This was an unsatisfactory process so the Bank of England commissioned Matthew Boulton at his Soho Mint in Birmingham to produce a die that could re-strike the Pieces of Eight into recognisable British coins. This was done using Kuchler's design (his initials on bust) and this 5/- bank token, also known as a 'dollar', was issued as there was a dire need for silver coin. No large sized silver was struck in George III's reign until 56 years into his reign – and these countermarked pieces of eight and over-struck Bank 'dollars' were all that there was ! One can just make out details of the Piece-of-Eight undertype by looking at the lower part of the obverse, below the bust, close to the edge.

Celtic Britain CORIELTAUVI, Vep Corf (retrograde) pale gold Stater AD 5 – 25.

Stock code: CM001196
£1,050
Country: England, Celtic
King (reign): Vasu Deva II (288AD - 300AD)
Denomination/metal: Gold Stater
Date/mint mark: cAD 5 – 25
Type First Coinage.
Ref. no: BM 3296; vA 930; S -

Obv. Crude wreath design. Rev. Disjointed 'Celticised' horse, three pellets below horses tail, 'VEP' above, '(C)ORF' below.
20mm, 5.2g. GVF - Good Very Fine.

Very interesting example of this Corieltauvi stater – with the upper part of the legend 'VEP' being retrograde. A very rare variation! The meaning of Vep Corf is not really understood – CORF could perhaps be read as COR F, i.e. son (Filius) of Cor, or does COR refer to 'Corieltauvi'. Vep was probably a 'chief' of the Corieltauvi, a tribe based in the English East Midlands and Lincolnshire, around the time of the Roman conquest of Britain. Who ever Vep was he probably produced coins over a considerable period as the series has many variations and issued coins from around AD 5 – 25.

England, Charles I. Gold Triple Unite, struck at Oxford 1642.

Stock code: CM001219
£70,000
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Gold Unite, Triple
Date/mint mark: 1642
Type Declaration issue, Oxford Mint.
Ref. no: Beresford Jones dies III/S2; Schneider 286; Brooker 832; N 2381; S 2724.

Obv. Crowned taller half-length armoured figure left, holding sword midway in field and long olive branch in left hand not touching upper shoulder, no scarf, Oxford plume to right, 'CAROLVS D G MAG BRIT FRAN ET HI REX'. Rev. Declaration inscription in three lines on a wavy scroll, 'RELIG PROT / LEG ANG / LIBER PAR' (Protestant Religion, Laws of England, Freedom of Parliament), three Oxford Plumes and value 'III' above, date below. 'EXVRGAT DEVS DISSIPENTVR INIMICI' (Let God arise and His enemies be scattered).
45mm, 26.92g. GVF - Good very Fine, well struck with a crisp bust, light handling marks.

The Triple Unite, valued at sixty shillings, or three pounds, was the highest English hammered denomination to be produced. It was struck at the Oxford Mint set up during the first English Civil War of 1642-6 and issued between January and March of 1643 (although dated 1642 ie in the old calender) at the hurriedly set up mint at New Inn Hall in Oxford. This huge coin was issued, at least in part, for use as gifts to those whom the King wished to 'cement' to his side in the Civil War. Thus the obverse design for the coin features an armoured bust of Charles I, with broadsword raised, and yet in visual dichotomy he bears an olive branch over his heart. Charles was visually appealing to either nature of the benefactor he was seeking to entice. The first bust on these coins was very hawkish (as on this example) and next year he had it changed to a more benevolent and softer style. On the reverse he put his famous declaration – uttered at Wellington in September 1642 when he swore to to uphold the Protestant Religion, the laws of England and the freedom of Parliament. A very rare (about two hundred are thought top be in existence) and spectacular coin! In January 1642 the 'Long Parliament had seized power in London and Charles was forced to move north. He reached Nottingham by late August but then turned west to Oxford which he reached in October and set up Court and prepared for war. On the 26th of October the Civil War commenced with the battle of Edgehill and then followed the famous battles and sieges of Naseby, Newark and Oxford. Peace negotiations in Spring 1646 came to nought the war continued into a second phase when the Scots invaded in 1648. During this time it was the King's sole right and prerogative to strike coins and to support the 'Royal Cause' supporters' plate, flatware, jewellery and any precious metal was donated to the king to turn into coin to finance the Royalist effort. Coins were struck at Oxford after the mint was hurriedly set up by Thomas Bushell in January 1643 to pay for men, arms, rent, supplies etc. for the war effort but these large gold coins, the ultimate image of Royal Power, were primarily used to procure allegiance. They were never intended to be saved and most were melted down at the end of the war to be turned into current coin – when the concept of 'kingship' had changed forever. A few survived and this rare and magnificent coin, the largest British hammered gold coin, is truly emblematic of this troubled age, the last king of England to rule by divine right.

England, William III. Gold Five Guineas, dated 1699.

Stock code: CM001225
£15,750
Country: England, Orange
King (reign): William III (1694 – 1702)
Denomination/metal: Gold Guineas, Five
Date/mint mark: 1699 UNDECIMO
Type First Bust
Ref. no: Schneider 479; MCE 169; S 3454

Obv. Laureate draped bust right, 'GVLIELMVS III DEI GRA'. Rev. Crowned Royal Arms in crucifrom, lion of Nassau of in centre, sceptres in angles, 'MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX'.
37mm, 41.62g. AEF - About Extremely Fine, rose toning.

Five guinea pieces were only issued for three years of William's reign so as a type are scarce. This example, although having seen a little wear is a 'clean' specimen – just a little wear on the raised curls and beautiful rose coloured toning to the bloom.

English Colonial America. Silver 'Oak tree' Shilling, dated 1652. Struck for Massachusetts in the 1660s.

Stock code: CM001216
£5,150
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles II (1660 - 1685)
Denomination/metal: Silver Shilling
Date/mint mark: (1652) generally issued in 1660s
Type 'IN' at left variety
Ref. no: Noe 9; Breen 19; Whitman 500.

Obv. Oak tree within pellet ring, 'MASATHUSETS IN'. Rev. Date over denomination 'XII', ' NEW ENGLAND AN DOM 1652'.
25mm, 4.29g. VF - Very Fine, darkly tone with minor edge marks.

Very good example of this early and very rare American Colonial coin. Beautiful lustrous grey patination, well struck and nicely centred - a particularly good early American coin! As early as 1650, the colony of Massachusetts Bay was a commercial success. But an inadequate supply of money made trading difficult. England was not inclined to send gold and silver coins to the colonies, for she too were in short supply. Taking matters into their own hands, Boston authorities allowed two settlers, John Hull and his assistant Robert Sanderson, to set up a mint in the capital, Boston in 1652. The two were soon striking silver coinage - shillings, sixpences, and threepences. Nearly all of the new coins bore the same date: 1652. It is thought that the device, an oak-tree (issues also have pine-trees), may symbolize one of the Bay Colony's prime exports, oak for furniture and house building, pine trees for ships' masts. Massachusetts coinage not only circulated within that colony, but was generally accepted throughout the Northeast of America, becoming a monetary standard in its own right. The majority of the coins were actually struck a few years after the date they bear (up to the 1670s) which poses the question,' why the 1652 date'? Some believe that it was intended to commemorate the founding of the Massachusetts mint, which did occur in 1652. Others believe the choice was a reflection of larger political events. Coinage was a prerogative of the King and in theory, these colonists had no right to strike their own coins, no matter how great their need. However, in 1652, there was no king - King Charles I had been beheaded three years previously, and England was a republic. The people in Massachusetts may have cleverly decided to put that date on their coinage so that they could deny any illegality if, as did happen, there were a re-establishment of the monarchy! There is also some thought that the Crown might have been more likely to look kindly on a coinage with an oak-tree on it – after all Charles II, who was on the English throne when these coins were issued, had escaped Cromwell’s troops by hiding up an oak-tree!!!

Ireland, George III. PROOF - Silver Six Shillings Bank token, 1804, struck over a Spanish 'Piece-of-Eight'.

Stock code: CM001239
£1,675
Country: England, Hanoverian
King (reign): George III (1760 - 1820)
Denomination/metal: Silver Bank Token
Date/mint mark: 1804
Type PROOF, Bank of Ireland Dollar issue.
Ref. no: S 6615

Obv. Laureate, draped bust left, 'GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX'. Rev. Hibernia seated left holding harp and palm branch, 'BANK IF IRELAND TOKEN SIX SHILLINGS DOLLAR'.
42mm, 26.99g. UC - Proof Uncirculated, mirror fields with gold and blue iridescence to toning

Bank of England dollars were five shilling coins issued by the Bank of England struck over Spanish American Pieces of Eight. The Royal Mint was not striking enough silver coins which resulted in the circulation of Pieces of Eight which were countermarked with a 'hallmark' to validate them. This was an unsatisfactory process so the Bank of England commissioned Matthew Boulton at his Soho Mint in Birmingham to produce a die that could re-strike the Pieces of Eight into recognisable British coins. This was also done for the Bank of Ireland, such as this piece, except that the denomination was six, rather than five shillings and using Kuchler's design this 'proof' 6/- bank token was issued in Ireland where there was a dire need for silver coin. No large sized silver was struck in George III's reign until 56 years into his reign – and these countermarked pieces of eight and over-struck Bank 'dollars' were all that there was! One can just make out details of the Piece-of-Eight undertype by looking at the upper part of the obverse around the 'III' in the legend.

Great Britain, George IV. Silver Proof Crown, struck in 1826.

Stock code: CM001297
£8,500
Country: England, Hanoverian
King (reign): George IV (1820 - 1830)
Denomination/metal: Silver Crown
Date/mint mark: 1826

Ref. no: L&S 28; ESC.257; Davies 151; S.3806

Obv. Bare head left, date below, legend surrounding. Rev. Crowned quartered shield of arms, with an escutcheon of the Arms of Hanover, motto on banner below, legend surrounding, edge inscribed in raised letters and dated SEPTIMO.
GEF - Attractively toned, a number of hairlines and small nicks on obverse, one rim nick, reverse problem free, otherwise extremely fine / good extremely fine and rare.

England, James I gold Unite (20 shillings) issued 1604 – 1605.

Stock code: CM001061
£3,250
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): James VI (1567 - 1625)
Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Unite)
Date/mint mark: Mintmark 'Lis' – Nov. 1604 – Jun. 1605.
Type Second Issue.

Obv. Crowned king in full armour right holding orb and sceptre, IACOBVS DG MAG BRIT FRANC ET HIB REX'. Rev. Crowned and garnished Royal Arms dividing 'IR', FACIAM EOS IN GENTEM VNAM'. (I will make them into one nation).
37mm, 9.84g. AVF - About Very Fine, well struck but with a little wear.

Although this coin has seen a little wear, because it was strongly stuck all the main features are still visible and it is still a very attractive piece of this first Stuart monarch of England. Called a 'Unite' because of James's wish to 'unite' the nations of England and Scotland – which sentiment he chose to be the reverse legend of his twenty Shillings piece. This is a concept that is particularly relevant today !

England, Gold Laurel (20/-) of James I - issued between 1621 & 1623.

Stock code: CM001185
£2,900
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): James I (1603 - 1625)
Denomination/metal: Gold Laurel
Date/mint mark: mm. thistle, 1621 - 1623
Type Third Coinage, 3rd. Bust
Ref. no: S 2638A.

Obv. Laureate, draped bust of James left, denomination 'XX' behind, 'IACOBVS D'G' MAG' BRI' FRA' ET HIB' REX'. Rev. Crowned Royal Arms on cross fourchee, 'FACIAM EOS IN GENTEM VNAM', (I will make them into one nation).
35mm, 9.06g. AVF - About Very Fine, well struck.

Not very rare issue and exhibiting some wear - however, this piece has a well struck detailed portrait with all legends readable - also very nice even light toning and large flan thus desirable. In 1619 there was a currency reform and new 20 shillings piece was reduced in weigh making the former coins worth 22 shillings. To make it easy to differentiate between the two coins this new lighter coin was issued with James facing left - the other direction - and wearing a laurel wreath rather than a crown. Consequently it became known as a 'Laurel'.

England, George II. Silver Crown, 1743 DECIMO SEPTIMO.

Stock code: CM001298
£3,750
Country: England, Hanoverian
King (reign): George II (1727 - 1760)
Denomination/metal: Silver Crown
Date/mint mark: 1743
Type DECIMO SEPTIMO
Ref. no: ESC. 124; S.3688

Obv. Older laureate and draped bust left. Rev. Crowned cruciform shields, roses in angles, garter star at centre, edge, inscribed in raised letters and dated decimo SEPTIMO.
EF - Attractively toned, touch of wear to highest points on reverse, otherwise good extremely fine / extremely fine.

England, Spectacular and large gold Rose-Ryal (30/-) of James I, struck between 1605 & 1606.

Stock code: CM001172
£15,000
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): James I (1603 - 1625)
Denomination/metal: Gold Rose Ryal
Date/mint mark: mm. rose; 1605 - 1606
Type Second Coinage
Ref. no: Schneider 10 ; N 2079; S 2613.

Obv. King enthroned in state robes holding orb and sceptre, Portcullis at feet, 'IACOBVS D G MAG BRIT FRAN ET HIBER REX'. Rev. Royal Arms on Tudor Rose, 'A DNO FACTVM EST ISTVD ET EST MIRAB IN OCVLIS NRIS', (This is the Lord's doing, and marvellous in our eyes).
41mm, 13.42g. AVF - Almost Very Fine, well struck so although some wear, in fact all details strong.

Very splendid and spectacular coin struck in the style of James’s Tudor predecessors - which denomination was discontinued after 1624’. It's Tudor style can be clearly seen in the large full-rose reverse and the monarch enthroned in full regalia on the obverse – a coin first introduced by Henry VII at the end of the 16th. Century. On inheriting the Tudor throne James Stuart was keen to illustrate the handsome example – well struck, good clear definition – particularly in his facial features, clothing, rose petals and both obv. and rev. legends. The coinage of James I is particularly diverse and this piece must count as one of the most splendid making it very desirable.

England, Edward VI large gold Sovereign issued at Southwark between 1549 & 1550.

Stock code: CM001176
£17,500
Country: England, Tudor
King (reign): Edward IV (1471 - 1483)
Denomination/metal: Gold Sovereign
Date/mint mark: mm. 'Y', 1549 - 1550
Type Second period, Southwark Mint.
Ref. no: Schneider 685; N 1906; S 2433.

Obv. Crowned King seated in throne, facing, 'EDWARD ; VI : D' G' AGL' FRAN' ET HIB' REX'. Rev. Crowned Royal Arms with lion and griffon supporters 'ER' in cartouche below. 'IHS AVTEM TRANSIENS PER ME' DO ILLORV' IBAT', (But Jesus, passing through the midst of them, went His way).
36mm, 10.11g. AVF - Almost Extremely Fine, some wear but generally well struck. A little tooling in one area of the field between lower centre and right scroll on rev.

This sovereign of 20 shillings issued in Southwark during the first part of the Boy King's reign, ie when he was only ten years of age, is a superb contemporary portrait of Henry VIII's sickly son Edward VI. A little weakly struck at his face, otherwise other details clear. This was the first of three types of gold Sovereign depicting the boy King Edward VI dating to 1550. This second period coinage was only issued once the King was satisfied that the coinage could be sustained at a higher fineness of gold than his Father's debased issues. Therefore this Sovereign was issued at 22 carat fineness (0.917 fine), which we still use for British gold coinage today, and a 20-Shilling face value, though it weighed only just over 169 grains (10.977g), as the country continued to recover from the extravagance of Henry VIII. This example was struck at the Southwark mint where Sir John Yorke was the Under-Treasurer, hence the use of his surname initial 'Y' for the mintmark.

England, Henry VII. Gold Angel (6s/8d.), struck 1505 to 1509.

Stock code: CM001183
£2,250
Country: England, Tudor
King (reign): Henry VII (1485 - 1509)
Denomination/metal: Gold Angel
Date/mint mark: mm. pheon, 1505 - 1509
Type Type 5
Ref. no: Schneider 542; n 1698; S 2187.

Obv. The angel St. Michael spearing fallen dragon like devil, 'HENRIC DI GRA REX ANGL Z FR'. Rev. Ancient ship with central mast a cross upon which is the Royal Arms, 'h' and rose either side. 'PER CRVCE TVA SALVA NOS XPE RED', (By the cross save us, Oh Christ our Redeemer).
28mm, 5.03g. AVF - About Very Fine, well struck.

Some wear but all the main features visible – pretty little coin. The angel had been issued for nearly a hundred years but towards the turn of the century the design of St. Michael was changed from a fairly 'elfish' feathered figure to a winged knight in renaissance armour as seen here. The Lancastrian Henry (VII) Tudor married Yorkist Edward IV's daughter thereby bringing together the red and white roses to form the 'Tudor Rose' and thus ending the 'Wars of the Roses' which had devastated England for 50 years.

England, Elizabeth I silver 'milled' Halfcrown of 1601

Stock code: CM001068
£6,300
Country: England, Tudor
King (reign): Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603)
Denomination/metal: Silver Crown, Half
Date/mint mark: Mintmark '1' – 1601
Type Seventh issue.
Ref. no: N 2013; S 2583.

Obv. Crowned bust left with intricate bodice, 'ELIZABETH D G ANG FRA ET HIBER REGINA'. Rev. Royal Arms on cross fourchee, 'POSVI DEVM ADIVTOREM MEVM', (I have made God my helper)
35mm, 14.9g. AEF - Almost Extremely Fine, reverse better.

This coin is well struck and very nicely patinated , especially on the reverse. The die work is very good and with this strong strike has resulted in marvellous and attractive detail to Elizabeth's portrait – the clarity of her features, the intricacy of her bodice and with little wear, all in sharp definition. This is a very good example and a fantastic contemporary portrait of this iconic Tudor queen.

England, Charles I silver Crown, struck during Civil War at Truro 1642 – 1643.

Stock code: CM001063
£1,500
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Silver Crown
Date/mint mark: Mintmark 'Rose' – 1642-43.
Type Truro Mint
Ref. no: S 3045.

Obv. King crowned and armoured on horse left, sash flying out, 'CAROLVS D G MAG BRIT FRA ET HI REX'. Rev. Round, garnished Royal Arms, CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO' (I reign under the auspice of Christ).
42mm, 28.82g. VF - Very Fine, upper bust a little weakly struck

These coins are normally quickly and badly struck but this example exhibits very little wear, a full legend with a very well struck reverse. However the upper bust of Charles is a little weak but the detail in the horse is very good. This coin is a better specimen than the plate coin in 'Coins of England'. When the Civil War began in 1642, the Tower mint fell into the hands of Parliament and Charles was forced to open a mints in Royalist held western England at Shrewsbury, Bristol and Oxford Truro and finally Exeter. (1642 -46). In 1643 the king was already minting coins in Truro and on 4 September, after a siege, Exeter surrendered to Prince Maurice and the city remained in Royalist hands till 9 April 1646. On 3 January 1644 Sir Richard Vyvyan received a Royal Commission to set up a mint in Exeter;

England, Charles I. 'Second Issue' Silver milled sixpence issued 1638 and 1639.

Stock code: CM001177
£800
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Silver Penny, Six (Sixpence)
Date/mint mark: mm. 'Anchor', 1638 - 1639
Type Briot's Second Milled Issue
Ref. no: S 2860.

Obv. Crowned bust left, denomination (VI) behind, 'CAROLVS DG MAG BRIT FR ET HIB REX'. Rev. Royal Arms on cross recerclee,'CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO', (I reign under the auspice of Christ).
25mm, 2.93g. GEF - Good Extremely Fine, light correction marks on obv., very attractive iridescent toning to lustre.

Superb example of this Second Milled sixpence with fantastic iridescent lustre of blues and pinks. Charles employed the Frenchman Nicholas Briot who issued his machine made coins (ie milled rather than hammered) as an experiment in 1631 and 1632 and then again, after his return from Scotland, in 1638 to 1639 when this coin was made. This example exhibits virtually no wear although there are the normal correction marks - but otherwise has a fantastic portrait of the king. Although he produced superior coins that were well and precision struck, Briot and his milling machines were unpopular at the Tower of London. However in 1633 Charles had made Briot 'Chief Engraver' and a few years later Briot again attempted mechanisation at the Mint. Unfortunately, this second attempt was shelved after only a few months by the Civil War and thus in this piece we have not only a very rare and superiorly produced coin but also an important 'landmark' in the issue of milled British coins which would not be fully instituted at the Mint for a further thirty years.

England, Victoria. Proof Gothic Crown, 1847, Gothic style. Extremely Fine.

Stock code: CM001157
£5,000
Country: England, Hanoverian
King (reign): Victoria (1837 - 1901)
Denomination/metal: Silver Crown
Date/mint mark: 1847 UNDECIMO
Type Gothic style PROOF crown
Ref. no: L&S 57; ESC 288; Davies 471; S.3883

Obv. Crowned bust left, legend surrounding. Rev. Crowned quartered shield of arms, I to left, R to right, beaded circle surrounding, pellet stop legend, .FACIAM. EOS. IN. GENTEM. VNAM. raised letters and dated.
PROOF - Attractive dark tone, a little uneven colour on reverse, lightly hairlined as per usual in fields, nick on lower neck, otherwise practically as struck.

England, Charles I gold Unite (20/-) issued 134 – 1635.

Stock code: CM001152
£3,150
Country: England, Stuart
King (reign): Charles I (1625 - 1649)
Denomination/metal: Gold Shillings, Twenty (Unite)
Date/mint mark: Mintmark 'Bell' 1634 – 35.
Type Tower Mint, Group D, Bust 5.
Ref. no: N 2153; S 2692.

Obv. Crowned, draped bust left, denomination 'XX' to right, CAROLVS D' G' MA' BR' FR' ET HI' REX'. Rev. Crowned, garnished almost round Royal Arms dividing crowned 'CR', 'FLORENT CONCORDIA REGNA' (Through concord kingdoms flourish).
32mm, 9.05g. VF - Very Fine, well struck though weakness in one part of legend.

Superb and traditional lace collared portrait of Charles, apart from one small area all legends strongly and clearly struck – very attractive example and rare thus. Interesting to note that the fashion of ruffs had now died out and contrary to his earlier issues we see Charles wearing a lace collar - with which we normally associate the 'Cavaliers'.

Viking England, Anlaf Guthfrithsson silver 'Raven' penny, struck at York , 939 - 941

Stock code: CM001154
£24,000
Country: England, Celtic
King (reign): Anlaf Guthfriston (939 -941)
Denomination/metal: Silver Penny
Date/mint mark: 939 – 941
Type Hiberno Norse Viking issue, struck YORK
Ref. no: N 537; S 1019

Obv. Raven with wings displayed and head turned to left, ' •+A•NLAF CVNVNC IL' (Anlaf king). Rev. Small cross pattee in centre '+•A•ÐEL•FERD MINET RG' (Athelferd Moneyer).
20mm, 1.21g. EF - Better than Extremely Fine, well struck and beautifully toned, likely best example known. Once 'slabbed' and graded by NGC as 'MS62' [their certificate inc.].

Superb, exceptionally rare and archetypal Viking coin, generally considered to be the best example in existence! Anlaf Guthfrithsson was the Viking King of Dublin who had come over to England and brought with him an Hiberno-Norse army to support the two Scottish kings - Constantine II and Owen I against Aethelstan, King of Anglo-Saxon England. This combined Norse-Celtic force lost the massive and very bloody battle of Brunanburh in 937 believed to be somewhere in the Wirral - but Anlaf survived the route and escaped back to Ireland. A few years later after the death of Aethelstan in 939, in a period of uncertainty, he returned and successfully seized York and parts of the East Midlands and set up a Viking kingdom which lasted for ten years . This archetypal Viking coin the ‘Raven Penny’ was minted during this short rule, for he died two years later in 941. The obverse legend means ‘King Anlaf’ (Olaf) in Old Norse and is one of the earliest surviving texts in this language. Most Viking coins had Latin inscriptions like Anglo-Saxon coins of the period so this coin is truly Viking and doubly so as it features the Viking war standard - the raven – or is it an eagle? Both birds were associated with the Norse god "Odin", but the eagle is also associated with St John the Evangelist, so the religious message of the coins is uncertain. It could be a deliberately pagan symbol, or one which both pagans and Christians could accept. This is a very rare coin and this particular piece is exceptionally rare as it is very likely the best example in existence. With its ‘Old Norse’ legends and splendid raven it is everything one would expect a Viking coin to look like and thus has become an iconic coin.